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Video: setting your amp's gain control

Properly set gain prevents distortion and reduces noise


Robert Ferency-Viars

Robert Ferency-Viars is the managing editor for the Crutchfield car A/V learning content, and has been with the company since 1999. A Virginia native from the heart of the Blue Ridge Mountains, he loves spending time with his wonderful wife and sons, listening to music, writing, and playing games with friends. Robert's love for car audio began at 16 when he installed his first car stereo.

More from Robert Ferency-Viars

Check out our quick and easy method for properly setting the gain on your car amplifier. This simple adjustment will have you on the road to stellar sound.

Video Transcript

Properly setting the gain on your amplifier is key to getting great sound in your car. The gain control is not for adjusting volume. It simply adjusts the amount of signal coming from your receiver into the amplifier.

If you set it too high, you're introducing distortion into the sound. But if you set it too low then you're choking back on what the amp is there to do in the first place. So the key is finding the right balancing point for your car.

Every manufacturer is a little different in how they design their amps, so be sure and check your owner's manual to see what they recommend. We're going to show you a technique that works pretty well with any amplifier.

First turn the amp's gain all the way down. Then go up front and put on some music. Now crank the stereo's volume until you hear distortion. Then back it off until the distortion goes away. Now go to the back again and turn up the amp's gain until that distortion comes back. Then, once again, back off until the distortion's gone. You're done.

If you're using the amp to power your speakers, everything should be clear and strong. If you're powering a subwoofer, then as you turn it up that sub should continue hitting hard and tight and the bass should be well-defined.