Play, Print and Edit Features
Overview: The D4S is the newest version of Nikon's flagship digital SLR,
built for today's working professionals and photography enthusiasts. It can produce stunning still images
and broadcast quality video. The camera has the Nikon F bayonet mount, and is
compatible with Nikon AF NIKKOR lenses, including Type G and D lenses, as well
as DX lenses. The package includes the
camera body with a rechargeable Lithium Ion battery
pack and battery charger. No lenses are included with this "body only" kit.
Image Sensor: The D4S is equipped with the Nikon FX-format,
36.0 x 23.9mm CMOS image sensor with 16.6 million total pixels
(and 16.2 million effective pixels). The Nikon FX format enables photographers
to take advantage of the familiar perspective characteristics of 35mm film
photography. You can choose to shoot in the FX format (36 x 24), or switch to 1.2x (30 x
20), 5:4 (30 x 24) or DX format (24 x 16).
Dust Reduction System: The camera has an integrated
ultrasonic Self-cleaning Sensor Unit, which employs four different resonance
frequencies to vibrate the optical low-pass filter and shake dust away from the
sensor. Image sensor cleaning can be set to operate automatically when the
camera is turned off or on, or can be operated from the camera's menu.
Magnesium Alloy Body: The D4S is made with rugged, durable, and
lightweight magnesium alloy. The body is weather-sealed to resist dust,
moisture, and electromagnetic interference.
EXPEED 4 Image Processing: Nikon's new EXPEED 4 processor
provides superb image fidelity and reduced noise, even at high ISOs. EXPEED 4
can also handle data-intensive tasks, like Full HD 1080/60p video recording, with ease.
This new image processing image is 30% faster than its predecessor, giving you
an increased number of shots during continuous shooting. EXPEED 4 makes the
camera more efficient, with more shots per charge: 3020 vs. 2600 (with EXPEED
Still Image Size/Quality: The D4S
records still images in JPEG, TIFF (RGB), and NEF* (RAW) formats. It can also
record in both NEF (RAW) + JPEG formats simultaneously. JPEG images can set to
fine (1:4 compression), normal (1:8), or basic (1:16) image quality. Depending
upon the selected format (image area), you can choose from the following image
|Format (Image Area)
|FX (36 x 24)
||4928 x 3280
||3696 x 2456
||2464 x 1640
|1.2x (30 x 20)
||4096 x 2720
||3072 x 2040
||2048 x 1360
|DX (24 x 16)
||3200 x 2128
||2400 x 1592
||1600 x 1064
|5:4 (30 x 24)
||4096 x 3280
||3072 x 2456
||2048 x 1640
|FX format 16:9
(Movie Live View)
|4928 x 2768
||3696 x 2072
||2464 x 1384
|DX format 16:9
(Movie Live View)
|3200 x 1792
||2400 x 1344
||1600 x 896
|FX format 3:2
(Movie Live View)
|4928 x 3280
||3696 x 2456
||2464 x 1640
|DX format 3:2
(Movie Live View)
|3200 x 2128
||2400 x 1592
||1600 x 1064
* RAW data from the image sensor is saved directly to
the memory card in Nikon Electronic Format (NEF). Once transferred to
a computer, NEF (RAW) images can only be viewed using compatible
software such as the supplied ViewNX2 software.
Movies: The camera can record movies in MOV format with
MPEG-4/H.264 advanced video coding and Linear PCM audio. Audio is recorded using
the built-in monaural microphone, or an external stereo microphone. Image
quality can be set to High or Normal. The available movie options include:
||Maximum Bit Rate
|1920 x 1080
||10 min/20 min
|1920 x 1080
||30p, 25p, 24p
||20 min/29 min. 59 sec
|1280 x 720
||29 min. 59 sec/29 min. 59 sec
|640 x 424
||29 min. 59 sec/29 min. 59 sec
|1920 x 1080
|30p, 25p, 24p
||20 min/29 min. 59 sec
Dual Recording Media: The D4S has dual media slots that can
accommodate Compact Flash (Type I) and XQD Memory cards. Images are recorded onto Type I CompactFlash memory
cards (UDMA compliant) up to 256 GB, or XQD memory cards up to 64 GB. No memory card
is supplied with the camera.
The camera is
equipped with a memory buffer for temporary storage, allowing shooting to
continue while photographs are being saved to the memory card. Up to 200
photographs can be taken in succession. The display will indicate the number of
images you can take until the memory buffer is full.
LCD Monitor: The Nikon D4S features 3.2-inch, 921,000-dot (VGA), color TFT LCD monitor
with a 170° wide viewing angle and 100%
frame coverage. The monitor has adjustable brightness control using an ambient
brightness sensor. The D4S features a Live View that lets you use the monitor in place of
the camera's viewfinder to confirm your subject and composition while shooting.
Optical Viewfinder: In addition to the LCD monitor, the
has an eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder with approximately
100% frame coverage in FX format (97% in other formats). It has a diopter adjustment knob
so you can set the viewfinder to your personal eyesight (with or without eyeglasses). The bright and sharp viewfinder makes
focusing in low-light situations possible. The viewfinder offers approximately
0.7x magnification. The
viewfinder also has a built-in eyepiece shutter to prevent light from entering
the viewfinder when shooting self portraits on a tripod. The viewfinder
uses a Type-B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VIII screen with superimposed AF
brackets and on-demand grid lines for clear and accurate focusing of your subject.
Ethernet and Wireless Networks: The D4S has an RJ-45 Ethernet
port, and can be connected to an Ethernet network. You can also connect an
optional WT-5 or WT-4 wireless transmitter to the camera's peripheral connector for connecting to a wireless network.
Through the wired or wireless network, you can upload photos to a computer,
control the camera from a computer (using special software), take photos or view
existing photos remotely via a browser-equipped computer or an iPhone, and
synchronize the shutter releases of multiple remote cameras with a controlling
"master" camera (WT-5 only).
Electronic Virtual Horizon: The innovative Virtual Horizon provides
instant, accurate confirmation of the D4S's position relative to horizontal
level. When using Live View, you can choose to display the virtual horizon on
LCD, a feature ideal for landscape and architecture photography. You can also
level the D4S while looking
through the viewfinder using the convenient analog scale.
51-Point Autofocus System: The D4S is equipped with Nikon Multi-CAM 3500FX autofocus
sensor module, which features
up to 51 focus points. The system selects the focus point that best
applies to the subject, demonstrating an outstanding level of
precision, even when shooting in constantly changing conditions.
All 51 focus points, including the array of 15 cross-type
sensors located in the center, maximize the potential of lenses
with maximum apertures of f/8.
Controls: The camera features separate controls that are positioned for
use during vertical shooting: a shutter-release button, Fn and AF-On buttons,
main- and sub-command dials and a sub selector. These controls allow you to
operate the camera more naturally when the body is rotated counter clockwise for
AF-Area Modes: The
D4S offers a
choice of four focus area modes that together cover a wide area of
the frame. The AF-area mode determines how the focus area is selected and what
happens if the subject moves out of the selected focus area while the camera is
still focusing. You can choose one of the following AF-area modes:
- Single-Point AF: The camera will focus on the subject
in the selected focus point only.
- Dynamic Area AF:
The camera offers a choice of three different size areas to match the movement of the
subject, using groups of 9, 21 or all 51 focus points.
3D-Tracking: In AF-C focus mode, the camera will track subjects
that leave the selected focus point and select new focus points as required.
- Group-area AF: The camera focuses on a group of focus
points selected by the user, reducing the risk of the camera focusing on the
background instead of on the main subject.
- Auto Area AF: The camera automatically detects
subject and selects focus point. If a face is detected, the camera will give
priority to the portrait subject.
Modes: You can choose from the following focus modes:
- Single-servo Autofocus
(AF-S): camera focuses automatically when the shutter-release button
is pressed halfway. The focus remains locked while the shutter-release
button is pressed halfway. The picture will only be taken when the
in-focus indicator is displayed. Recommended for stationary subjects.
- Continuous-servo Autofocus
(AF-C): camera focuses continuously while the shutter-release button
is pressed halfway. Photographs can be taken whether or not the camera
is in focus. Recommended for moving subjects.
- Manual (MF): focus is
adjusted manually using the lens focusing ring
Predictive Focus Tracking: In continuous-servo AF, the camera will
initiate predictive focus tracking if the subject moves toward or away from the
camera while the shutter-release button is pressed halfway or the AF-ON button
is pressed. This allows the camera to track focus while attempting to predict
where the subject will be when the shutter is released.
Focus Lock: Focus Lock can be
used to change the composition after focusing, making it possible to focus on a
subject that will not be in a focus area in the final composition.
Electronic Range Finder: The camera's Electronic Range Finder can be
used to confirm whether or not your subject in the selected focus point is in
focus (the focus point can be selected from any of the 51 focus points).
Release Modes: The release
mode determines how the camera takes photographs. You can choose from the
following shooting modes:
- Single Frame: camera takes
one photograph each time the shutter-release button is pressed
- Continuous Low Speed: while shutter-release button is held down,
the camera records 1 to 10 frames per second, as selected in the menu.
- Continuous High Speed: while the shutter-release button is held
down, the camera records up to 10 frames per second (or 11 frames per second
with fixed focus).
- Quiet Shutter-Release: during single frame shooting,
noise is reduced by disabling the beeps and minimizing the sound produced
when the mirror drops back into place.
- Self-Timer: use self-timer for self-portraits or to reduce
blurring caused by camera shake; you can set the self-timer to 2, 5, 10 or
- Mirror Up: choose this mode to minimize camera shake in telephoto
or close-up photography or in other situations in which the slightest camera
movement can result in blurred photographs
Interval Timer Photography: The D4S is equipped to take
photographs automatically at preset intervals. Shooting will begin about 3
seconds after the interval is set or you can set a start time. You can also
select the number of shots taken per interval. The images can be replayed at
rates from 24 times to 36,000 times faster than normal. The images can be saved
as a movie file (in 16:9 aspect ratio).
Exposure Modes: The Exposure Modes determine how the camera sets
shutter speed and aperture when adjusting exposure. You can choose from the
following Exposure Modes.
- Programmed Auto (P): camera sets shutter speed and aperture for
optimal exposure according to a built-in program; recommended for snapshots
and other situations in which there is little time to adjust camera settings
- Shutter-Priority Auto (S): user chooses shutter speed while camera sets aperture for best results;
use to freeze or blur motion. The shutter speed can be set from 30 to 1/8000
- Aperture-Priority Auto (A):
user chooses aperture while camera sets shutter speed for best results; use
to blur background for portraits or bring both foreground and background into
focus for landscape shots
- Manual (M): user controls
both shutter speed and aperture for complete control over exposure
Long Time-Exposures: When Bulb shooting is selected, the shutter will remain open while the shutter-release
button is held down. Bulb shooting is used for long time-exposure photographs of moving
lights, the stars, night scenery, or fireworks (an optional tripod and
optional remote cord are recommended to prevent blur).
Lock: If your subject is off-centered in the frame, it can become difficult
to achieve proper exposure and focus. By engaging the AE/AF Lock feature, you
can focus and meter on your subject, lock the exposure and focus by pressing the
shutter release button halfway, then recompose your shot before taking the
picture. You can choose from the following AE/AF Lock settings: AE/AF Lock, AE
Lock only, AF Lock only, AE Lock Hold, AE Lock Reset, and AF On.
You can alter the exposure from the value suggested by the camera, making
pictures brighter or darker. You can adjust the exposure from -5.0 to +5.0 EV in
steps of 1/3, 1/2, or 1 EV.
Metering: The D4S utilizes through-the-lens (TTL) metering
using the camera's 91,000-pixel RGB sensor. You can choose one of the following
- 3D Color Matrix III: If using a type G, D, or E lens, you
can utilize 3D Color Matrix Metering III (or Color Matrix Metering III with
other CPU lenses). The camera meters a wide area of the frame and sets exposure according to distribution of
brightness, color, distance, and composition for natural results
camera meters the entire frame but assigns greatest weight (75%) to the area in
the center of the frame. The diameter of the circle can be set to 8, 12, 15,
or 20mm, or weighting can be based on the average of the entire frame.
(Non-CPU lenses use a 12mm circle or average of entire frame.)
- Spot: The camera
meters inside a 4mm diameter circle (approximately 1.5% of frame). The circle is centered on
the selected focus
area, making it possible to meter off-center subjects.
Multiple Exposure: This
feature records a series of two to ten exposures in a single photograph.
Multiple exposures can be recorded at any image quality setting, and produce
results with colors noticeably better than photographs combined in an imaging
application because they make use of RAW data from the camera image sensor.
White Balance: White balance is
used to preserve natural colors under different types of lighting. You can choose one of the following
white balance options: Auto (2 options), Incandescent, Fluorescent (7 options), Direct Sunlight, Flash,
Cloudy, or Shade. You can also choose a color temperature from a list of values
(2500K-10000K), or manually set the white balance using the subject, light
source, or existing photograph in the memory card as reference. The White
Balance Fine Tuning feature allows you to compensate for variations in the color
of the light source or to introduce a deliberate color cast into an image by
adjusting the amber, blue, green and magenta color settings.
Bracketing: Bracketing automatically varies exposure, flash
level, Active D-Lighting (ADL), or white balance slightly with each shot,
"bracketing" the current value. You can set the increment to 1/3, 2/3, or 1 EV,
and the number of shots to 2, 3, 5, 7, or 9. In exposure, flash level, and ADL
bracketing, multiple shots are required to complete the "bracket" as the camera
will vary the settings with each shot. With white balance bracketing, the camera
creates multiple copies of each photograph, each with a different white balance.
Bracketing can be combined with continuous shooting or the self timer modes.
ISO Sensitivity: ISO Sensitivity is the digital equivalent
of film speed. You can set the ISO Sensitivity to Auto or Manual. You can
manually select settings of ISO 100 to ISO 25600 in steps of 1/3 EV. When using
Auto ISO, you can set a maximum value of 200, 400, 800, 1600, or 3200, as
needed. For special occasions, expanded settings of Lo-0.3 (equivalent to ISO
80) through Lo-1 (ISO 50), and Hi-0.3 (ISO 32,000) through Hi-4 (409,600) are
Noise Reduction: Photos taken at high ISO sensitivities can
be processed to reduce noise. The amount of noise reduction performed can be set
to High, Normal, or Low.
Preset Picture Controls: The camera offers six preset Nikon Picture
Controls. You can choose a Picture Control according to the subject or type of
- Standard: standard processing for balanced results; recommended
for most situations
- Neutral: minimal processing for natural results; recommended for
photographs that will later be extensively processed or retouched
- Vivid: pictures are enhanced for a vivid, photo-print effect;
recommended for photos that emphasize primary colors
- Monochrome: takes monochrome photographs
- Portrait: process portrait for skin with natural
texture and a rounded feel
- Landscape: produces vibrant landscapes and cityscapes
Picture Control Settings: The Preset Picture Controls listed
above can be modified to suit a particular scene or your creative content. The
following manual adjustments can be made:
- Quick Adjust: allows you to reduce or
exaggerate the effect of the selected Picture Control Preset from -2 to +2
- Sharpening: controls the sharpness of
outlines from 0 to 9; you can also select Auto which adjust the sharpness
automatically according to the scene
- Contrast: adjust contrast automatically
according to the type of scene or chose from values between -3 to +3 to
increase or decrease the contrast of your subject
- Brightness: reduce or enhanced brightness
level from -1 to +1; this does not affect exposure
- Saturation (for non-monochrome): automatically adjust saturation
according to the type of scene or choose from values between -3 to +3 to
lower or increase your subject's saturation
- Hue (for non-monochrome): adjust your subject's hue from -3 to
+3 to change the level of Hue
- Filter Effects (for monochrome): simulate the effect of
color filters on monochrome photographs from yellow, orange, red, green or
- Toning (for monochrome): choose the tint used in monochrome
photographs from B&W, Sepia, Cyanotype, Red, Yellow, Green, Blue Green, Blue,
Purple Blue, or Red Purple.
Color Space: The color
space determines the gamut of colors available for color reproduction. You can select either
sRGB for photos that will be printed or used "as is" with no further
modification, or Adobe RGB for images that will be extensively processed or
retouched after leaving the camera.
Active D-Lighting: Active D-Lighting preserves details in
highlights and shadows, creating photographs with natural contrast. Active
D-Lighting offers the following application strength levels: Auto, Low, Normal,
High, Extra High and Off.
Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS): The D4S does not have a
built-in flash. Optional flash units can be attached to the camera's accessory
shoe. The camera supports the Nikon Creative Lighting System when used with CLS-compatible
flash units, such as the
SB-700, SB-800, SB-900, and
SB-910. The following flash modes are supported:
- Front-Curtain Sync: This mode is recommended for most situations.
In programmed auto and aperture-priority auto modes, the shutter speed will
automatically be set to values between 1/250 and 1/60 seconds.
- Red-Eye Reduction: The red-eye reduction lamp lights
for approximately one second before the flash fires to reduce the red-eye effect.
- Red-Eye Reduction With Slow Sync: Combines red-eye reduction with
slow sync for use with portraits taken against a backdrop of night scenery.
- Slow Sync: Flash is combined with shutter speeds as slow as 30 seconds to capture both
subject and background at night or under dim light. (Tripod recommended)
- Rear-Curtain Sync: The flash fires just
before the shutter closes, creating effect of stream of light following
moving subjects. In programmed auto and aperture-priority auto, slow
rear-curtain sync is used to capture both subject and background. (Tripod
Flash Control: The camera supports two flash control modes:
- i-TTL Balanced Fill-flash for Digital SLR: Used with matrix and
center-weighted metering, the flash emits a series of nearly invisible
pre-flashes immediately before the main flash. Pre-flashes reflected from
objects in all areas of the frame are picked up by the 91,000-pixel RGB
sensor and are analyzed, along with range information, to adjust the flash
output. Available with optional SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700, SB-600, or SB-400 Speedlights.
- Standard i-TTL Flash for Digital SLR: Flash output is adjusted to
bring lighting in the frame to a standard level. This mode is automatically
activated when spot metering is selected.
Flash Compensation: Flash compensation is used to alter
flash output from -3 EV to +1EV in increments of 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV, or 1 EV to change the brightness
of the main subject relative to the background. Flash output can be increased to
make the main subject appear brighter or reduced to prevent unwanted highlights
FV Lock: This feature is used to lock the flash output, allowing
photographs to be recomposed without changing the flash level and ensuring that
the flash output is appropriate to the subject even when the subject is not
positioned in the center of the frame. The Flash output is adjusted
automatically for any changes in ISO sensitivity and aperture.
MC-30/MC-36 Remote Shutter Release: The
MC-36 Remote Shutter Release cables can help prevent camera shake by
triggering the shutter release without touching the camera. The MC-30 has a 32"
cable, and plugs into the camera's 10-pin remote terminal. The MC-36 is 36" long
and can be programmed for interval timer photography and long time-exposures.
ME-1 Stereo Microphone: The
ME-1 can record stereo sound while shooting movies. Audio recorded with the
ME-1 play back in stereo when the camera is connected to a TV via an HDMI cable.
GP-1 (GP-1A) GPS Unit: The Nikon GP-1 and
are optional GPS units
designed for use with Nikon digital cameras, including the D4S. When connected
(to the 10-pin remote terminal),
the GP-1/GP-1A allows the current latitude, longitude, altitude, and local time to be
recorded with each photograph taken.
Additional Connectors: In addition to the 10-pin Remote
Terminal and Microphone input, the D4S also includes the following connectors:
- USB 2.0 High Speed: The mini-USB high-speed 2.0
connection lets you connect the camera to your PC using the supplied UC-E15
- RJ-45: The RJ-45 jack lets you connect the camera to a
- Peripheral Connector: The camera's peripheral connector
allows you to connect the optional WT-5 or WT-4 Wireless Transmitter.
- HDMI: The
camera features a mini-HDMI (Type C) output for connecting the camera to an HDTV
or other high-definition video device via an
HDMI cable. The output resolution to Auto, 1080p,
1080i, 720p, 576p, or 480p. The camera does not have a composite video output.
- Headphone Jack: The camera has a 3.5mm stereo headphone
output to allow you to monitor audio during movie recording.
- Flash Sync: A sync cable can be connected to the
camera's sync terminal for optional flash units when required.
Play, Print and Edit
Auto Image Rotation:
Photographs taken while Auto Image Rotation is set to "On" contain
information on camera orientation, and allow the images to be rotated automatically
during playback, or when viewed using the supplied ViewNX 2 or optional
CaptureNX 2 software. Recorded orientations include Landscape (wide), Camera
Rotated 90° Clockwise, and Camera Rotated 90°
Playback Menu: The playback menu contains the following
Delete: allows you to delete the current image or all the
images in the selected folder or folders
Playback Folder: allows you to play back the images
in the current folder, all folders created with the D4S, or all folders on
the memory card
Hide Image: allows you to hide and reveal selected
pictures. Hidden images can only be deleted by formatting the memory card.
Display Options: choose from either a detailed display
of information or a basic display of information
Copy Images: copy pictures from one memory card to another
Image Review: When this setting is enabled, the camera
displays the image on the LCD monitor after the picture is taken.
After Delete: choose the picture displayed after an
image is deleted (next, previous, continue)
Rotate Tall: portrait photos are displayed in tall
orientation during playback
Slide Show: allows you to play back images one after
the other in a slide-show fashion. You can select the type of images to
display, and how long each photo will be displayed.
Print Set (DPOF): used to create a digital "print
order" that lists the photographs to be printed, the number of copies, and
the information to be included on each print for use with
PictBridge-compatible computers or devices that support DPOF.
During single-image playback, you can view all the pictures stored on the memory
card one at a time.
Playback: This feature allows you to view four (2x2), nine (3x3), or 72
(9 x 8) images at once on the
LCD monitor so that you can search for an image quickly.
During single-image and thumbnail playback, you can zoom in on the selected
image. You can zoom in up to 30x for large images, up to 23x for medium images,
and up to 15x for small images. Once the image is enlarged, you can move it around on the LCD monitor
using the multi selector.
Retouch Menu: The
Retouch Menu allows you to create trimmed, resized or retouched copies of the
photographs you have taken on the memory card. The Retouch Menu gives you the
following editing options: D-Lighting, Red-eye correction, Trim, Monochrome,
Filter effects, Color balance, Image overlay, NEF (RAW) processing, Resize,
Straighten, Distortion control, Perspective control, Edit movie, and
Image Comment: The camera allows you to input up to 36 characters of alphanumeric text
and save it to a recorded image. The comment can be
viewed in CaptureNX 2 (software available separately) or the supplied
ViewNX 2 software.
Capability: Using the supplied
USB cable, you can connect this camera directly to a PictBridge compliant
printer. PictBridge is a standard that allows you to connect a PictBridge
compliant camera directly to a PictBridge compliant printer and make prints,
regardless of brand.
Battery: The D4S is powered by the EN-EL18a Lithium-ion
battery (10.8V/2500mAh). A fully-charged
EN-EL18a can provide enough power
for approximately 2600 shots (CIPA standard). The battery charges in approximately 2 hours and
minutes using the supplied MH-26a battery charger.
EN-EL18 batteries (10.8V 2000mAh) can also be
Optional AC Adapter: You can power the camera for extended
periods on ordinary household current with the optional EP-6 power connector and EH-6b
ViewNX 2: The supplied ViewNX 2 CD-ROM
contains a Nikon Transfer 2 function for transferring pictures from the camera
to the computer, where ViewNX 2 can be used to view and print selected images or
to edit photographs and movies. ViewNX 2 is compatible with computers with the
following Operating Systems:
- Windows: Pre-installed versions of Windows 8.1, Windows
7, Windows Vista, and Windows XP. (64-bit versions of Windows XP are not
- Macintosh: Mac OS X version 10.7, 10.8, or 10.9