Play, Edit, and Print Functions
SIGMA Photo Pro
Foveon X3 Direct Image Sensor: The Sigma DP1 Merrill is a
compact digital camera, equipped with the 46-megapixel, 23.5 x 15.7mm Foveon X3
Merrill Direct Image Sensor (CMOS).
This technology was originally developed by Dick Merrill, a talented
photographer and brilliant engineer.
Image Processor: The dual "TRUE (Three-layer Responsive
Ultimate Engine) II" image processing engine, specifically made for the Foveon
X3 direct image sensors, improves the processing speed and overall quality of
the final image. By incorporating two True II processors, Sigma's unique
image-processing algorithm provides high resolution power and reproduces high
definition images with richly graduated tones as well as a three-dimensional
LCD Monitor: The DP1 Merrill has a 3" TFT color LCD monitor
with 920,000 pixels. You can choose from 17 languages on the monitor, including
English, Spanish, French, German, Italian, and Russian. The camera does not have
a separate viewfinder.
Recording Media: You can record still images and movies on
SD, SDHC, and SDXC cards. Multi Media Cards (MMC) can also be used, but not
recommended for recording movies or continuous shooting.
File Formats: The DP1 Merrill records still images and movies in the following
- JPEG: You can record JPEG images in High (4704 x 3136), Medium
(3264 x 2176), and Low (2336 x 1568) sizes in 3:2 aspect ratio. JPEG images
can be stored at three compression ratios: Fine, Normal, and Basic.
- RAW: The RAW file format records the image data
as captured by the camera image sensor without further processing. The images
show almost no deterioration in image quality, and are a higher quality than
JPEG images. To view RAW images on your computer, you must first process the
images with Sigma Photo Pro downloadable software. RAW images can be
recorded in the same three resolution sizes as JPEG images.
- RAW + JPEG: At this setting, one RAW image and one JPEG
(Fine) image are recorded simultaneously. You can choose from High, Medium,
or Low resolution.
- Movies: Movies can be recorded in Standard
Definition with monaural sound in AVI format. Movies are recorded at VGA 640
x 480 at 30 fps. The maximum recording data size for one movie is 2 GB. The
recording will be terminated automatically when the recording data size
exceeds 2 GB.
Lens: The DP1 Merrill is equipped with a 19mm fixed focal
length lens (35mm equivalent 28mm), which has been designed specifically for
this camera to maximize the sensor performance. The F2.8 - F16 lens has a shooting
range of 7-7/8" (20cm) to infinity in normal mode, and 39.4" (1m) in Limit mode.
Quick Set Menu: The DP1 Merrill has a Quick Set Menu to let
you quickly access and change the camera settings. Initially the Quick Set Menu
1 has the ISO setting, Metering Mode, Drive Mode, and Flash Mode, while Quick
Set Menu 2 has White Balance, Image Size, Color Mode, and Image Quality. You can
also change the menus to include the following functions: Bracketing Amount, AE
Metering Mode, Contrast, Sharpness, Saturation, and Exposure Mode.
Grid Segment Display: To assist you in composing the
picture, you can display grid lines with solid or dotted lines. You can choose 4
segments (2x2), 9 segments (3x3), or 16 segments (4x4).
Drive Modes: The Sigma DP1 Merrill features
the following Drive modes:
- Single Capture: The camera captures a single image
each time the shutter button is fully pressed and released.
- Continuous Shooting Mode: You can use this mode to
shoot successive frames while the shutter button is fully pressed. The
maximum number of frames and speed depends upon the image size: High (7
frames @ 4 fps), Medium and Low (14 frames @ 5 fps).
- 10 second Self-Timer: The 10 second self-timer can be used to shoot a group
photo that includes the photographer. The camera will activate approximately
10 seconds after the shutter button is pressed to allow the
photographer time to get into the shot.
- 2 second Self Timer: The 2-second self timer can be used to avoid camera shake.
The camera takes the shot 2 seconds after the shutter button is pressed.
- Interval Timer: The camera can be set to take photos at a set
interval. The interval can be set from 15 seconds to 60 minutes, and the
number of exposures can be set from 2 to 99 times.
- Unlimited Shooting: While holding down the shutter button, you
can continue to shoot until the card is full. The image size is set to 1632
x 1088 and the image quality is JPEG Fine. The maximum shooting speed will
be approximately 1.5 frames per second.
Exposure Modes: Using the Mode Button on the top of the
camera, and the mode selection indicator on the bottom of the LCD monitor, you can select from numerous
- Movies: Movies are recorded in AVI format with an image
size of 640 x 480 (VGA) with monaural audio and a frame rate of 30 fps. You
can record approximately 10 minutes of video for each 1 GB of available
memory. Maximum file size is 2 GB per movie.
- Manual (M): The aperture and the shutter speed are
manually set. The aperture value (F-number) and shutter speed are displayed
at the bottom of the LCD screen, along with the exposure meter. You can
adjust the aperture and shutter speed until the exposure meter indicates
+/-0.0 for the correct exposure. The exposure meter can display an exposure
error of up to +/-3 stops from the correct exposure in 1/3 steps.
- Shutter Speed Priority (S): When you set the shutter speed, the camera sets the
aperture value according to shooting conditions. The shutter speed can be set
between 1/2000 and 30 seconds.
- Aperture Priority AE (A): After you set the aperture, the camera
will determine the appropriate shutter speed
according to shooting conditions. The aperture can be set between F2.8 and
- Program AE (P): The
camera automatically sets an appropriate combination of shutter speed
and aperture values. You can change the combination (Program Shift) by
turning the top-mounted command dial. In one direction, the shutter speed
increases as the aperture value (F-number) gets lower. In the other
direction, the shutter speed decreases as the aperture value gets higher.
- Custom Modes (C1/C2/C3): You can register commonly used
shooting modes and settings to your preference. You can store the settings
for Exposure Mode (M, S, A, P), the focus frame, exposure compensation, and
all items in the Capture Settings menu. Up to three patterns can be stored
(C1, C2, and C3).
Exposure Compensation: When shooting against a bright
or dark background, you may
need to correct the exposure so that the subject is correctly lit. You can
adjust the exposure from -3 to +3 in 1/3-stop increments.
Auto Bracketing: The Auto Bracketing function lets you take
a sequence of three photos at different exposure levels: Appropriate Exposure,
Over Exposure, and Under Exposure. You can set the bracketing amount in 1/3-stop
increments up to +/-3. Auto Bracketing can be used in the P, A, S, and M modes,
and in Single, Continuous, 2 second and 10 second self-timer, and Infinite
Shooting Drive Modes. The bracketing order can also be changed.
Focus Modes: You can toggle between Auto Focus and Manual
Focus modes. In Auto Focus mode, the AF point is illuminated in green when focus
is obtained and red when focus cannot be obtained. In Manual Focus mode, you can
focus by turning the focus ring on the lens. There are two focus frames to
choose from: 9 points select mode and Free Move mode. With Free Move mode, the
size of the focus frame can be set to Spot, Regular, or Large.
Metering Modes: You can select from the following metering
- Evaluative: The screen is divided into 256 areas and
the brightness of the scene is determined by independently measuring each
area and analyzing the correct exposure for the main subject under any
- Center-Weighted Averaging: The camera will measure the
average brightness of the entire scene with additional emphasis on the
- Spot: The camera meters the area within the center
focusing point on the LCD monitor.
ISO Settings: The Sigma DP1 Merrill features Auto and Manual ISO
sensitivity. The higher the ISO, the
greater it reduces
the effects of camera shake and sharpens subjects in low-light situations. ISO speed
settings can be adjusted in 1/3 EV or 1 EV increments. The 1/3 EV and 1 EV
(underlined) settings include: 100, 125, 160, 200, 250, 320, 400, 500, 640,
1250, 1600, 2000, 2500, 3200, 4000, 5000, 6400, or Auto.
External Flash: The camera does not have a built-in flash.
The top-mounted hot shoe will accommodate an external flash. With an external
flash attached, you can set the flash mode to: Normal, Redeye, Slow Sync, and
Redeye + Slow. You can also set Flash Exposure Compensation from +3.0 to -3.0
stops in 1/3-stop increments.
White Balance: You
can choose from the following white balance settings: Auto, Daylight, Shade,
Overcast, Incandescent, Fluorescent, Flash, and Custom.
Color Mode: You can select the desired Color Mode, depending on
shooting conditions: Standard, Vivid, FOV Classic Blue, Neutral, Portrait, Landscape, B/W, and
Play, Edit, and Print
Sound Memo: The DP1 Merrill allows you to record a sound
memo of up to 30 seconds and attach it to a stored image.
Quick Preview: After an image is recorded, it will appear in the
LCD monitor for a preset number of seconds for reviewing. You can set the Quick
Preview duration to 2 seconds (ECO), 5 seconds, 10 seconds, or Off (no preview
Contact Sheet: This feature allows you to view nine images at once on the LCD monitor so that
you can search for an image quickly.
When viewing a single still picture, you can magnify the
image up to approximately 10x. The magnification changes as you turn the Command
Dial as: x1.25, x1.6, x2.0, x2.5, x3.15, x4.0, x5.0, x6.3, x8.0, and x10.0. You can also
pan around in the magnified
picture by using the up/down and left/right buttons.
Slide Show: Images stored on a memory card can
automatically be displayed one-by-one using the Slide Show function. Each image
displays for a selectable duration (2, 5, or 10 seconds). The slide show can be
set to repeat, if desired. You can play a slide show of All Images, Locked
Images, or Marked Images.
Movie Playback: In addition to normal playback of your video
clips the camera features fast-forward (2x, 4x, or 8x), fast-rewind (2x, 4x, or
8x), and slow motion
Marking Images: Images can be marked for various reasons,
such as to identify favorites, to select images for a slide show, or the select
images to delete.
Images: The Lock feature allows you
to protect important images from accidental erasure. Locked files must be
unlocked before they can be deleted. You can Lock or Unlock one image at a time
or all images at once. You can also lock all Marked Images at once.
Viewing Images on a TV: You can connect the camera to a TV for viewing
images and movies. Using the provided AV cable, you can connect the camera to
the TV's composite video and RCA audio input. The video signal can be set to
NTSC or PAL to match the TV's video system.
Connecting to a Computer: The DP1 Merrill camera can be connected
directly to your computer using the supplied USB cable. The USB cable connects
to the camera's USB/AV port. The camera is USB 2.0 compatible.
Power Requirements: The Sigma DP1 Merrill includes two
BP-41 rechargeable Lithium-Ion batteries (3.6V / 1250mAh / 4.5Wh). The battery
packs can be charged in the supplied BC-41 battery charger in
approximately 140 minutes. Estimated battery life is approximately 97 shots. For long periods of continuous use, or when
connected to a computer, it is recommended that the camera be connected to the
optional SAC-5 AC adapter.
SIGMA Photo Pro
Downloadable Software: SIGMA Photo Pro is an exclusive
software package for displaying and manipulating your Sigma digital camera
images on your computer. It can be downloaded from the Sigma photo website.
SIGMA Photo Pro is compatible with the following Operating Systems:
- SIGMA Photo Pro 5.5.2 for Windows: Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP (SP2)
- CPU: Pentium 4 or higher (Core 2 Duo recommended)
- RAM: 2 GB required (3 GB or more recommended)
- Display Card: 24-bit
- Monitor Display Resolution: 1024 x 768 required
- SIGMA Photo Pro 5.5.2 for Macintosh: Mac OS X v.10.4 or
- CPU: Intel Core Duo Processor
- RAM: 2 GB or higher (3 GB or more recommended)
- Display Card: 24-bit
- Monitor Display Resolution: 1024 x 768 or higher