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1998-2010 Volkswagen Beetle
1998 • 1999 • 2000 • 2001 • 2002 • 2003 • 2004 • 2005 • 2006 • 2007 • 2008 • 2009 • 2010
2001 Volkswagen Beetle (Crutchfield Research Photo)
Designed to capitalize on the immense popularity of the original VW Beetle, the New Beetle made its bubble-topped debut in 1998. The vehicle remained largely unchanged throughout its production run, which lasted until 2010, when it was finally retired and replaced by an all-new design. The New Beetle was available in two flavors – coupe and convertible.
Standard Beetle stereo (Crutchfield Research Photo)
Factory stereo system
The vehicle was also made available with two different audio systems. The standard audio system included an AM/FM/cassette player with 6 speakers. The upgraded system included an AM/FM/CD player with MP3 capabilities and an auxiliary dash input, as well as a 10-speaker Monsoon Sound System. The Monsoon system was not available in the 98-99 models.
If you’re in the market to upgrade your Beetle’s sound system, the good news is that installing a new receiver is not particularly difficult. Replacing the speakers can be a challenge, however, particularly if you’re upgrading the Monsoon System.
Replacing your factory stereo
Monsoon stereo (Crutchfield Research Photo)
Whether you have the standard system or the Monsoon system, replacing the receiver is the same process. The difference comes into play when replacing the speakers in the Monsoon system. We'll cover that below.
Important note: If you remove the receiver while the security system is armed, it will disable the starter on the car. To disarm the system, put the master key into the driver’s side door, turn it to lock, and then unlock the door.
To start the receiver replacement process, you’ll need a pair of VW OEM radio removal tools (which are included free with most stereo purchases from Crutchfield). Slide the two VW radio removal tools into the preexisting slots on the right and left side of the factory receiver. Gently push the tools in until you hear a click. The click is the sound of the system unlocking. Pull the tools out slowly, and the receiver will come with them. Hold the receiver with one hand and disconnect the wire harness and antenna cable from the rear of the unit. Remove the two T-15 Torx bolts from the interior mounting bracket.
The stereo opening in the dash (Crutchfield Research Photo)
Installing your new receiver will be slightly more complex than removing the old unit. First, install your new receiver mounting bracket and attach the two T-15 Torx bolts, then insert and secure the receiver's metal mounting sleeve. Next, connect the wiring adapter harness to the new receiver's wires; this will let you plug the new stereo into the Beetle's stereo connector. The Beetle uses a non-standard antenna connection, so you'll need an adapter for that, too. This antenna adapter also has a wire that needs to be connected to the new receiver's power antenna wire. (These two wiring adapters and the mounting kit are also included free with most stereo purchases from Crutchfield.)
Plug in the antenna adapter and the wiring harness, slide the receiver into the sleeve, and test the stereo to ensure it works. If the new unit operates correctly, install it in the dash and snap the stereo's trim ring into place.
Note: If your Beetle is equipped with OnStar, it might not work with a new aftermarket receiver.
Tools needed: VW OEM radio removal tools, Torx driver and T-15 Torx bit, small flat-blade screwdriver
Replacing Your Factory Speakers
Standard system speakers
The standard stereo system has six speakers, located in the doors, front pillars, and rear panels. See below for details on the Monsoon system.
Front door speaker (Crutchfield Research Photo)
Door speakers: You can choose from many 6-1/2" or 5-1/4" speakers to replace the factory speakers. You'll need a mounting bracket and wiring adapter for each speaker, and these are included free when you purchase your speakers from Crutchfield.
Getting to the door speakers requires that you remove the door panels. Start by removing the cover for the door handle, then remove the two Phillips head screws holding the door pull in place. Depending on the model year of your Beetle, you'll remove either two or three T-20 screws at the bottom of the panel.
Starting from the bottom of the door panel and working up both sides, pry the panel away from the door using a panel tool. You'll be releasing six retaining clips as you work around the door. Once the clips are released, lift off the door panel. Remove the door release cable and disconnect the wiring harness, then set aside the door panel.
The speakers are riveted in place, so you'll have to drill out the rivets and then drill new screw holes for your new speakers. This might sound daunting, but if you take your time and drill carefully, it'll be smooth sailing. Drill out the rivets that hold the speaker assembly in place using a 3/8" bit. Next, pull the assembly away from the door, disconnect the wiring harness, then remove the remains of any rivets with the nail punch. Attach the new speaker to the mounting bracket and use this assembly to mark the spots for the new mounting holes, and then drill them out using a 1/8" bit. Put it all back together by reversing the directions above.
Tools needed: Panel tool, Phillips screwdriver, Torx driver and T-20 Torx bit, drill and 1/8" and 3/8" bits, nail punch
The tweeter, still attached to the pillar trim (Crutchfield Research Photo)
"A" pillar speakers: The VW Beetle has small tweeters mounted on the A-pillars. To replace these small speakers, you will need to release the three plastic clips that run the length of the pillar trim cover and then pull the pillar cover tabs (two at the bottom) loose. Disconnect the wiring harness from the tweeter. You’ll need to drill out the rivets holding the speakers in place and then replace them. However, you will also have to fabricate your own speaker bracket and splice the wires to install your new speakers. Think twice before replacing these tweeters.
Rear speakers (coupe): This section deals only with the Beetle coupe. If you have a convertible, skip to the next section.
The factory speaker size is 6-3/4" and most aftermarket speakers that size will fit the location. You can also use a 6-1/2" or 5-1/4" speaker with the help of a mounting bracket. (This bracket and the necessary wiring adapter are included free from Crutchfield.)
Rear speaker location in the coupe (Crutchfield Research Photo)
Replacing the rear speakers in the Beetle coupe is relatively straightforward. You’ll need to release six plastic retaining clips and one metal clip by prying along the side and bottom of the rear side trim panel. Once the clips are released, lift the panel out of the way. You can fold the seat down flat to get better access to the back corner.
Once the panel is out of the way, remove the four Phillips head screws holding the speaker assembly in place, and disconnect the wiring harness. Remove the speaker. Install your new speaker and connect the wiring harness. Reverse the steps above to replace the trim panel.
Tools needed: Panel tool, Phillips screwdriver
Rear speakers (convertible): Replacing the rear speakers on the VW Beetle convertible requires a bit more effort than the coupe. The factory speaker size in the convertible is also 6-3/4", but in this case, mounting depth is more limited, so not many replacement speakers of this size will fit. As with the coupe, you can go with 6-1/2" or 5-1/4" speakers instead, and use a mounting bracket to make them fit properly.
The first step is to open the top, then fold the rear seat bottom cushion and remove it. Both headrests will also have to be removed. At the edge of the seat back cushion, you’ll find three 6mm Allen screws that must be removed. Remove the trunk access panel and then the rear seat back cushion. There is one 10mm nut that must be removed at the top rear of the rear side panel.
Now, remove the rear side panel by releasing the retaining clips (pry out at the front bottom edge). Do the same for the rear edge and then pull the panel out. You’ll need to remove the cable end, as well as the cable end stud to the convertible top cover, then disconnect the flap motor and tweeter harness. There are four T-20 Torx screws holding the speaker in place, and you’ll need to remove these. Pull out the assembly, disconnect the speaker and replace it with your new speaker. Follow these steps in reverse to reinstall the trim panels, top cover cable and seat cushions/backs.
Tools needed: Panel tool, Phillips screwdriver, 10mm socket plus a ratchet and extension, 6mm Allen wrench, Torx driver and T-20 Torx bit
Monsoon system speakers
The Monsoon system adds several challenges to the process of speaker replacement. The speaker configuration is similar to the standard system, with the addition of two sets of tweeter-and-woofer components in the dash. All of the speakers are powered by a Monsoon amplifier located in the rear cargo area. Overall, replacing any of the front speakers will be difficult.
Door speakers: The doors hold 8" woofers riveted in place. Replacement is difficult because there are no brackets available to help mount a standard-sized speaker. Further, this speaker only receives bass frequencies, so when you replace it, the new speaker will likewise only produce bass.
Dash speakers in the Monsoon system (Crutchfield Research Photo)
"A" pillar speakers: Notes for these tweeters are the same as in the standard speaker system. They're easy to get to, but require some work to replace.
Dash speakers: The dash speaker location contains a set of separates (a tweeter and midrange woofer) on each side of the dash, near the corner. Getting to them is easy, but replacement will require some work and you'll need to create custom brackets. Finding new speakers to fit the location will also be tough. The factory speakers are a 3" woofer and 1.34" tweeter, and the available space is pretty shallow; the clearance for the woofer is a depth of only 1-3/8" and a mounting height of only 1/4". Like the tweeters in the A-pillar, you're better off just leaving these alone.
Rear speakers: Replacing the rear speakers in the Monsoon system is just like replacing those in the standard system. Mounting brackets and adapter harnesses are available for this location, and you can choose from 6-3/4", 6-1/2", or 5-1/4" sizes.
All things considered, replacing the speakers in Beetles with the Monsoon system will be more challenging than most other vehicles. Non-standard sizes and arrangements are the biggest hurdle. The Monsoon speakers are all 4-ohm impedance, so if you can mount an aftermarket speaker, you can expect improved sound.
The MTX ThunderForm nestles into the cargo area
Adding bass to your Beetle
Space in the back of the Beetle is tight, but there is certainly room for a very small subwoofer box or a powered subwoofer back there. For a custom option, there is also an MTX ThunderForm enclosure available for the Beetle. This enclosure lets you add powerful bass without losing much storage space.
The ThunderForm is available empty (so you can use your own sub) or loaded with a 10" MTX subwoofer. The loaded enclosure can be purchased with a built-in 200-watt amplifier or as a non-amplified version (so you can use your own amplifier).
iPod and auxiliary input adapters
If you intend to keep your factory stereo, but would like to add an iPod connection or an auxiliary input, there are adapters available. You'll still need to remove the stereo in order to connect either of these adapters, so just follow the process outlined above.
It's possible to add an alarm system to your Beetle. If the car is equipped with power windows, then you can use the FLCAN interface module from FlashLogic to simplify the alarm installation. The FLCAN will control the door locks, and provide door triggers for the alarm system. If the vehicle does not have power windows, then the FLCAN will not work. Instead, if your car has power door locks, you can use the 654T Resistor Pack from XpressKit to help make all the necessary connections. This presents a much more intensive installation, so you might want to let a professional do it. On the other hand, the Volkswagen Beetle is not a good candidate for remote start systems. Between the complexity of the installation and difficulty of accessing the ignition wiring, this is a vehicle where adding a remote start system is not really recommended.
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