About the Nikon D850 (no lens included)
Best Nikon DSLR ever made?
Best Nikon DSLR ever made?
One of the most anticipated camera releases of 2017, the Nikon D850 made a huge splash when it became available. Plenty of reviews tout it as the best Nikon DSLR ever made, and it's easy to see why. This powerful full-frame camera blends speed and performance with advanced movie features, and is ready to take on whatever you want to throw at it.
Exceptional performance and speed
The combined power of the D850's 45.7-megapixel backside-illuminated full-frame sensor — Nikon's first ever — and EXPEED 5 image processor results in high-quality images with reduced noise and faithful color rendering. With its substantial autofocus and processing power, the D850 can capture up to 200 images (RAW or JPEG) in a single burst, at a rate of seven frames per second.
A dedicated processor for fast, accurate autofocus
The D850 uses the same advanced autofocus system as the flagship D5. A second processor makes this Nikon's fastest and most accurate autofocus system yet. This next-generation AF system operates in near-darkness (-4 EV).
Selectable autofocus modes for pinpoint accuracy
An impressive 153 autofocus points (with 55 selectable points) let you stay locked on target, even when your subject is on the move. Group-Area autofocus mode recognizes small groups of AF points as a single point, for enhanced tracking of smaller details like facial expressions. 3D Focus Tracking ensures accurate focusing no matter the subject's location on the image plane.
4K movies bring your vision to life in stunning Ultra High Definition
The D850 records 4K movies at rates of up to 30 frames per second, using the full width and resolution of the camera's sensor. The large sensor allows for shooting with no crop factor using any full-frame Nikkor lens, and output is clean even at higher ISOs.
You can also create in-camera 4K time-lapse movies from consecutive still shots. Use Silent Live View Mode to bypass the mechanical shutter and mirror movement and you'll conserve battery life and save thousands of shutter cycles, extending the life of your camera. Exposure Smoothing helps to keep your exposures consistent for smoother transitions between frames.
Pro-level movie features
The D850 is a serious multimedia machine with features to make videographers take notice. Nikon's Flat Picture Control lets you shoot with post-processing in mind, while Zebra Stripes help you monitor the brightness of a given scene. You can also record simultaneously to the camera's memory cards and to an external recorder via the camera's HDMI output.
Built-in Electronic Vibration Reduction makes it easier to avoid camera shake, even when recording on foot. The D850's power aperture function gives you smooth exposure transitions when moving from bright to dark areas, and Auto ISO in manual exposure mode works to maintain consistent brightness in changing light. Whether you use the D850's built-in stereo mic or connect an optional external microphone, audio levels can be adjusted in 20 increments. You can also adjust volume when monitoring audio recording through the camera's headphone jack.
- 45.7-megapixel effective recording
- full-frame Nikon FX-format CMOS image sensor (23.9 x 35.9 mm)
- backside-illuminated sensor designed without an optical low-pass filter, for maximum detail in your photos
- Nikon EXPEED 5 image processor optimized for high data-rate images, longer battery life, and 4K Ultra HD video
- built-in Wi-Fi allows easy file sharing and remote control from smart devices
- Nikon SnapBridge technology with Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) for wireless image transfer to compatible mobile devices
- requires free SnapBridge app
- 3.2" high-resolution (2,359,000 dot) tilting LCD touchscreen with brightness adjustment and 170-degree viewing angle
- bright, eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder with built-in diopter adjustment
- Multi-CAM 20K autofocus sensor module with dedicated processor has 153 focus points and 99 cross-type sensors
- all 153 focus points are compatible with AF Nikkor lenses f/5.6 or faster
- 15 central focus points (9 selectable) work with effective aperture of f/8
- 5 autofocus area modes for different subjects and conditions
- 3D Focus Tracking for accurate, high-speed focusing
- Group-area autofocus mode links 5 autofocus sensors together as a single focus point for better tracking of small, fast-moving subjects
- two live view shooting modes: Photography Live View and Movie Live View add use-specific flexibility
- Virtual Horizon indicator for composing level photos, no matter the camera's orientation
- Active D-Lighting (with auto setting mode) and D-Lighting bracketing for better shadow and highlight detail in high-contrast shooting conditions
- Interval Timer mode lets you create smooth time lapse movies in over 8K resolution (up to 9,999 frames)
- compatible with Nikon's radio-controlled Advanced Wireless Lighting System
- requires SB-5000 Speedlight, WR-A10 Wireless Remote Adapter, and WR-R10 Wireless Remote Controller (sold separately)
- compatible with most Nikon lenses
- DX Series lenses compatible at reduced image sizes (DX format - see below)
Exposure Modes and Controls
- shutter speed range: 1/8000 to 30 seconds, bulb, time
- flash sync: up to 1/250 seconds
- continuous high-speed shooting up to 7 frames per second
- sensitivity or ISO (film speed equivalent): 64-25,600
File Formats and Storage:
- records images as NEF (RAW) (12-bit or 14-bit uncompressed, lossless compressed, or compressed, large, medium, or small), TIFF (RGB), or JPEG (fine, normal, or basic compression)
- maximum image size in FX format (pixels): 8,256 x 5,504
- maximum image size in DX format (pixels): 5,408 x 3,040
- dual media slots accept XQD memory cards and SDHC and SDXC UHS-I compliant memory cards no memory included
- 4K UHD (30, 25, 24 frames per second)
- Full HD 1080p (60, 50, 30, 25, 24 frames per second)
- HD 720p (60, 50, frames per second)
Connections and Dimensions:
- HDMI output (Type C mini connector)
- SuperSpeed USB 3.0 interface
- 3.5mm headphone and stereo microphone jack
- 10-pin remote terminal
- 5-7/8"W x 4-15/16"H x 3-1/8"D
- weight (without battery and media): 32.3 oz.
- rechargeable EN-EL15a lithium ion battery
- battery charger
- viewfinder eyepiece
- USB cable
- neck strap
- body cap
- warranty: 1 year
- Our 60-day money-back guarantee
- MFR # 1585
What's in the box:
- Digital camera body
- BF-1B body cap (installed)
- EN-EL15a Lithium-Ion rechargeable battery (7.0V / 1900mAh / 14Wh) with plastic terminal cover
- MH-25a Battery charger (DC output: 8.4V / 1.2A)
- US 2-prong plug adapter
- 39" UC-E22 USB cable (with Type A USB on one end and a Micro-B 3.0 USB on other end)
- AN-DC18 Neck strap
- USB/HDMI cable clip (2 pieces)
- User's Manual (English)
- User's Manual (Spanish)
- SnapBridge Connection Guide
- Warranty Programs sheet
- Nikon School promo card
Nikon D850 (no lens included) reviews
Excellent camera. overall.
Pros: Superb resolution IF one is using a high quality Nikon lens.
Cons: XQD memory chips are way overpriced by their respective manufacturers. While the D850 will work just fine with just a single regular memory card. this is putting all of one's eggs in one basket because there is only one slot for regular memory cards.
1 of 1 found this helpful
Best Camera on the Market
0 of 0 found this helpful
The fiver matches DPReview's Gold Award for the best DSLR money can buy...and this is not even Nikon's flagship model. On my lowly Nikon 50mm f1.8 AF it proves to be the sharpest lens in my inventory, easily beats out the 105mm Micro -Nikkor VR which I rented to test because I already have a 55 Micro-Nikkor and the legendary 105mm f2.8 Manual lens, not sure I need another macro or a duplicate portrait lens. I do a lot of copy-work and corner-corner sharpness is a requirement. I find the 50mm and the 85mm to be perfect for this camera. The 105mm rental was disappointing at the corners. Glad I di'nt buy it.
Cons: A bit heavy
0 of 0 found this helpful
This is quite the upgrade from my D90! Paired with a 50mm f/1.4 produces amazing full frame results that you can't duplicate with Nikon's DX format cameras. I really appreciate the attention to detail. Nikon has provided simple, dedicated access the commonly changed functions such as AF , WB, mode, and ISO. Highly recommended.
Pros: Amazing flexibility and low light handling
Cons: Takes a while to really understand all of the options available to you
1 of 1 found this helpful
Bar none, this is the best dslr available today, unless you want to spring for a D5. Nikon is really on a roll the last several years.
1 of 1 found this helpful
Holy 45 megapixel camera Batman! Nice camera. The images are richer and blow up sharper than my other Nikons. I have had issues with the auto focus locking onto moving targets. It is slow to focus. I have also had issues with the white balance and the exposure metering. I have had similar issues with other Nikon cameras. I have also noticed the dials are looser on this camera and spin more easily. Hope it holds up to wear and tear.
Pros: 45 megs
Cons: Issues with slow a.f ., white balance, and metering.
0 of 2 found this helpful
Awesome camera! Took it out and started shooting photos the day I received it.
0 of 1 found this helpful
What an awesome beast of a camera! I've barely scratched the surface of all the options and bells and whistles this thing offers. And with every new thing I discover, it's yet another "WOW!" moment. Been a long, long time since I've bought a new camera body, but although expensive, it is definitely worth the money. Only downside is that now I will no longer be able to blame poor shots on the camera I am using. :( Oh yeah, all my old Nikkor AF lenses still work on this camera body, but dang those spiffy new VR lenses sure do look nice. I can't see much sense in them for anything but the longer lenses, however, where the shake from my aging hands and arms is going to be needing some technological help keeping the image stable. Anyway, all in all, this Nikon D850 is definitely a keeper.
Pros: Does everything but wash dishes after dinner.
Cons: Cost is always a concern. But I don't expect to see this guy on sale any time soon. Maybe not ever. It's probably going to be in demand outstripping supply for a long time.
1 of 1 found this helpful
Pictures are sharp and color is very good, LCD display color is so good, exposures are better than D810. It is a lot of improvements from D810. I have D800E and D810. I really like to compare with Sony alpha 9, the report said Sony is the best camera so far. But I am a Nikon guy. I hope one day Nikon will intoduce video viewfinder like Sony so we can have correct exposures from what we see on the viewfinder is what we get.
Pros: The best Nikon I have ever had
Cons: Heavy but price is right
2 of 2 found this helpful
Upgrading from the D750 this camera continues to amaze me. The AF system and sensor are made of magic and part unicorn dust (the exact ratio is Nikon's trade secret). I picked up the camera on my way down to Patagonia for a trekking holiday and it has taken all the abuse of being rained on and hussled in and out of a backpack multiple times a day like a champ. If you are worried about no flash, don't, the camera is better without it and you will be a better photographer for it. Truth is if you need a flash for your work flow, you should be using an external flash and not a pop up flash.
2 of 3 found this helpful
As the next step up in the 800 series body, Nikon has hit a home run! The first body to get perfect ratings from several photography sites, this really exceeds most Pro/am photographers expectations. There is no reason to make the jump to the D5 for twice the price of this perfect (camera) body. Make sure you check out which lenses do and more importantly, do not work here. In many cases, a good reason to update or add to your lens collection.
Pros: Nikon branded quallity I pursuit of pure perfection. Perfect match to the Nikon lens line!
Cons: None,..maybe a little heavy...
3 of 3 found this helpful
Love it! I have been buying Nikon cameras for 40 years and this is the best Nikon camera I have ever owned. It has spectacular performance, outstanding shadow detail, great color accuracy, fast auto focus, fast shutter speed and easier to hold with the deeper grip. Once you hold and shoot with this camera you won't want to part with it. This is my second camera purchase from Crutchfield and I highly recommend them. There customer service is outstanding.
3 of 3 found this helpful
Wonderful ergonomics, Vast array of detailed settings, Images are stunning. Only caveat, even with the most skilled hands your pictures will display blur from hand held shots to various degrees. You must have Good Glass with Image Stabilization to really acquire clear images. It's not the camera's fault, it's just human error. Your flaws as a photographer will be magnified in your photos due to the Hugh sensor size and its ability to capture detail. Professional photographers with highly skilled hands will probably benefit the most from this beast. If you're truly patient and willing to invest the time, this camera will only make you a better photographer. If you're just looking for a FF point and shoot buy a body with a smaller sensor. It will save you hours of frustration. I love this camera buts it's not for everyone!
Pros: Wonderful ergonomics, Vast array of detailed settings, Images are stunning. DoF is phenomenal.
Cons: Will require Good Glass with Image Stabilization which will cost $$$$ if just starting out, Features are endless and will take hours of research for novice photographers to master settings.
5 of 7 found this helpful
I'm strictly an amateur photographer, and I've been with Nikon since my very first digital CoolPix in 1998. This D850 is my 5th DSLR from Nikon, and I've invested in some good lenses.
1 of 9 found this helpful
More details on the Nikon D850 (no lens included)
Features & specs
|LCD Screen Size||3.2"|
|GPS-enabled||Optional GPS unit|
|Lens 35mm Equivalent||None included|
XQD Memory Card
|Image Stabilization||With optional lens|
|Highest Resolution||8256 x 5504|
|Video Resolution||3840 x 2160|
|Weight With Battery (ounces)||32.3|
|Parts Warranty||1 Year|
|Labor Warranty||1 Year|
Overview: The Nikon D850 is a full-frame high resolution DSLR with a 45.7MP FX-format sensor, the EXPEED 5 image processor, and built-in Wi-Fi. The camera has the Nikon F bayonet mount, and is compatible with Nikon AF NIKKOR lenses, including Type G, E, and D lenses, as well as DX lenses. No lenses are included with this "body only" kit.
Image Sensor: The Nikon D850 is equipped with an FX-format, 35.9 x 23.9mm back-side illuminated (BSI) CMOS 3:2 image sensor with 46.89 million total pixels (and 45.7 million effective pixels). The Nikon FX format enables photographers to take advantage of the familiar perspective characteristics of 35mm film photography. You can choose to shoot in the FX format (36 x 24 image area), or switch to 1.2x (30 x 20), DX format (24 x 16), or in 5:4 (30 x 24) or 1:1 (24 x 24) aspect ratios.
Dust Reduction System: The camera has an integrated ultrasonic Self-cleaning Sensor Unit, which employs four different resonance frequencies to vibrate the optical low-pass filter and shake dust away from the sensor. Image sensor cleaning can be set to operate automatically when the camera is turned off or on, or can be operated from the camera's menu. In addition, there is an Image Dust Off option in the optional Capture NX-D software to remove dust particles from recorded images.
Body Construction: The D850 employs a compact, lightweight body design. The body is constructed of magnesium alloy and carbon-fiber materials. The sturdy body frame protects the internal components for years of reliable service.
EXPEED 5 Image Processor: Nikon's advanced EXPEED 5 image processor can easily handle the most demanding tasks, such as full-frame 4K UHD movie recording, and high-speed continuous shooting up to 7 frames per second. EXPEED 5 produces highly detailed images with a wide dynamic range and lower noise.
Dual Media Slots: The D850 has dual media slots that can accommodate SD Memory cards and XQD cards up to 256 GB. The camera supports SDHC and SDXC cards that are certified as UHS-I or UHS-II. SDHC / SDXC cards with UHS Speed Class 3 or better and XQD cards with write speeds of 45 MB/s or better are recommended for movie recording. No memory cards are supplied with the camera. When two memory cards are inserted in the camera, you can choose one as the Primary card and the other as the Secondary card. The options for the Secondary slot are Overflow or Backup, or you can designate the Primary card for RAW images, and the Secondary card for JPEG images.
Memory Buffer: The camera is equipped with a memory buffer for temporary storage, allowing shooting to continue while photographs are being saved to the memory card. Depending on the chosen image quality, up to 200 photographs can be stored in the memory buffer.
Touch-sensitive LCD Monitor: The Nikon D850 features 3.2-inch, 2,359,000-dot (XGA), color TFT, touch-sensitive LCD monitor with a 170° wide viewing angle and 100% frame coverage. The monitor has adjustable brightness control using an ambient brightness sensor. The D850 features a Live View that lets you use the monitor in place of the camera's viewfinder to confirm your subject and composition while shooting. The monitor can be tilted upward or downward to assist you in framing low-angle and high-angle shots.
Optical Viewfinder: In addition to the LCD monitor, the D850 has an eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder with approximately 100% frame coverage in FX format (97% in other formats). It has a diopter adjustment knob so you can set the viewfinder to your personal eyesight (with or without eyeglasses). The bright and sharp viewfinder makes focusing in low-light situations possible. The viewfinder offers approximately 0.75x magnification (50mm f/1.4 lens at infinity). When not taking photos with your eye to the viewfinder, you can close the built-in viewfinder eyepiece shutter to prevent light from entering the viewfinder. The viewfinder uses a Type-B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VIII screen with AF area brackets and on-demand grid lines for clear and accurate focusing of your subject.
Electronic Virtual Horizon: The innovative Virtual Horizon provides instant, accurate confirmation of the D850's position relative to horizontal level. When using Live View, you can choose to display the virtual horizon on the LCD, a feature ideal for landscape and architecture photography. You can also level the D850 while looking through the viewfinder using the convenient analog scale.
Still Image Quality: The D850 records still images in the following quality formats:
- JPEG: JPEG images can set to fine (1:4 compression), normal (1:8), or basic (1:16) image quality.
- NEF (RAW): RAW data from the image sensor are saved directly to the memory card in Nikon Electronic Format (NEF) without additional processing. Settings such as white balance and contrast can be adjusted after shooting. You can choose the type of compression for NEF (RAW) images: Lossless Compressed, Compressed, or Uncompressed. JPEG copies of NEF (RAW) images can be created using Capture NX-D or other software or the NEF (RAW) processing option in the retouch menu.
- TIFF (RGB): The camera records uncompressed TIFF-RGB images at a bit depth of 8 bits per channel (24-bit color). TIFF is supported by a wide variety of imaging applications.
Still Image Sizes: Still images are recorded in Large, Medium, or Small sizes in the following Image Area options:
|Format (Image Area)||Large||Medium||Small|
|FX (36 x 24)||8245 x 5504||6192 x 4128||4128 x 2752|
|1.2x (30 x 20)||6880 x 4584||5152 x 3432||3440 x 2288|
|DX (24 x 16)||5408 x 3600||4048 x 2696||2704 x 1800|
|5:4 (30 x 24)||6880 x 5504||5152 x 4120||3440 x 2752|
|1:1 (24 x 24)||5504 x 5504||4128 x 4128||2752 x 2752|
Movies: The camera can record movies in MOV format with MPEG-4/H.264 advanced video coding and Linear PCM or AAC audio. Audio is recorded using the built-in stereo microphone, or an optional external stereo microphone. Image quality can be set to High or Normal. The available movie options include:
|Option||Maximum Bit Rate||Maximum Clip Length|
|4K UHD |
3840 x 2160/ 30p
|144 Mbps||29 min 59 sec|
|4K UHD |
3840 x 2160/ 25p
|4K UHD |
3840 x 2160/ 24p
|Full HD |
1920 x 1080/ 60p
|48 Mbps (HQ) |
24 Mbps (Normal)
|29 min 59 sec|
|Full HD |
1920 x 1080/ 50p
|Full HD |
1920 x 1080/ 30p
|24 Mbps (HQ) |
12 Mbps (Normal)
|29 min 59 sec|
|Full HD |
1920 x 1080/ 25p
|Full HD |
1920 x 1080/ 24p
1280 x 720/ 60p
1280 x 720/ 50p
|FHD Slow-Mo |
1920 x 1080
30p x 4
|36 Mbps||Recording: 3 min |
Playback: 12 min
|FHD Slow-Mo |
1920 x 1080
25p x 4
|FHD Slow-Mo |
1920 x 1080
24p x 5
|29 Mbps||Recording: 3 min |
Playback: 15 min
153-Point Autofocus System: The D850 is equipped with an advanced 153-point Autofocus system, which includes 99 cross-type sensors and 15 sensors that support f/8. The system selects the focus point that best applies to the subject, demonstrating an outstanding level of precision, even when shooting in constantly changing conditions. There are 55 focus points (including 35 cross-type and 9 f/8 sensors) that are available for selection.
AF-Area Modes: The D850 offers a choice of five focus area modes that together cover a wide area of the frame. The AF-area mode determines how the focus area is selected and what happens if the subject moves out of the selected focus area while the camera is still focusing. You can choose one of the following AF-area modes:
- Single-Point AF: The camera will focus on the subject in the selected focus point only.
- Dynamic Area AF: You can select the focus points based on the subject selected:
- 9- or 25-point Dynamic-area AF: Choose when photographing subjects that are moving predictably. (Example: runners or cars on a track)
- 72-point Dynamic-area AF: Choose when subjects are moving unpredictably. (Example: players in a football game)
- 153-point Dynamic-area AF: Choose when subjects are moving quickly and cannot be easily framed. (Example: birds)
- 3D-Tracking: In AF-C focus mode, the camera will track subjects that leave the selected focus point and select new focus points as required.
- Group Area AF: The camera focuses using a group of focus points that you select. This reduces the risk that the camera will focus on the background instead of the main subject.
- Auto Area AF: The camera automatically detects subject and selects focus point. If a face is detected, the camera will give priority to the portrait subject.
Focus Modes: You can choose from the following focus modes:
- Auto Focus (AF):
- Single-servo Autofocus (AF-S): focuses automatically when the shutter-release button is pressed halfway. The focus remains locked while the shutter-release button is pressed halfway. The picture will only be taken when the in-focus indicator is displayed. Recommended for stationary subjects.
- Continuous-servo Autofocus (AF-C): camera focuses continuously while the shutter-release button is pressed halfway. Photographs can be taken whether or not the camera is in focus. Recommended for moving subjects.
- Manual Focus (MF): Focus is performed manually by rotating the lens focus ring until the subject is in focus. You can magnify the view in the monitor for more precise focusing.
Predictive Focus Tracking: In AF-C mode, the camera will initiate predictive focus tracking if the subject moves toward or away from the camera while the shutter-release button is pressed halfway or the AF-ON button is pressed. This allows the camera to track focus while attempting to predict where the subject will be when the shutter is released.
Focus Lock: Focus Lock can be used to change the composition after focusing, making it possible to focus on a subject that will not be in a focus area in the final composition.
Electronic Range Finder: The camera's Electronic Range Finder can be used to confirm whether or not your subject in the selected focus point is in focus (the focus point can be selected from any of the 55 focus points).
AF Assist Illuminator: The built-in AF assist illuminator enables the camera to focus even when the subject is poorly lit.
Release Modes: The release mode determines how the camera takes photographs. You can choose from the following shooting modes:
- Single Frame: Camera takes one photograph each time the shutter-release button is pressed
- Continuous Low Speed: While shutter-release button is held down, the camera records 1-6 frames per second, as selected in the menu. (This increases to 1-8 fps when the optional MB-D18 is used with an EN-EL18b battery.)
- Continuous High Speed: While the shutter-release button is held down, the camera records up to 7 frames per second. (This increases to 9 fps when the optional MB-D18 is used with an EN-EL18b battery.)
- Quiet Shutter-Release: During single frame shooting, noise is reduced by disabling the beeps and minimizing the sound produced when the mirror drops back into place.
- Quiet Continuous: While the shutter-release button is held down, the camera takes photos at up to 3 frames per second, but with reduced camera noise. Only one picture will be taken if the flash fires.
- Self-Timer: Use self-timer for self-portraits or to reduce blurring caused by camera shake; you can set the self-timer to 2, 5, 10 or 20 seconds
- Mirror Up: Choose this mode to minimize camera shake in telephoto or close-up photography or in other situations in which the slightest camera movement can result in blurred photographs
Interval Timer Photography: The D850 is equipped to take photographs automatically at preset intervals. Shooting will begin about 3 seconds after the interval is set or you can set a start day/time. You can choose the interval between shots (hours/minutes/seconds), the number of intervals (up to 9999), and the number of shots taken per interval (up to 9). The images can be replayed at rates from 24 times to 36,000 times faster than normal. The images can be saved as a movie file (in 16:9 aspect ratio).
Exposure Modes: The Exposure Modes determine how the camera sets shutter speed and aperture when adjusting exposure. You can choose from the following Exposure Modes.
- Programmed Auto (P): camera sets shutter speed and aperture for optimal exposure according to a built-in program; recommended for snapshots and other situations in which there is little time to adjust camera settings
- Shutter-Priority Auto (S): user chooses shutter speed while camera sets aperture for best results; use to freeze or blur motion. The shutter speed can be set from 30 to 1/8000 seconds.
- Aperture-Priority Auto (A): user chooses aperture while camera sets shutter speed for best results; use to blur background for portraits or bring both foreground and background into focus for landscape shots
- Manual (M): user controls both shutter speed and aperture for complete control over exposure.
Long Time-Exposures: In manual mode, you can take long exposures with Bulb or Time shutter speed settings. When Bulb shooting is selected, the shutter will remain open while the shutter-release button is held down. Bulb shooting is used for long time-exposure photographs of moving lights, the stars, night scenery, or fireworks (an optional tripod and optional remote cord are recommended to prevent blur). Time shooting is similar, with the shutter opening when the shutter-release button is pressed and released (on the camera or an optional remote cord), and remaining open for 30 minutes, or until the button is pressed a second time.
Exposure Compensation: You can alter the exposure from the value suggested by the camera, making pictures brighter or darker. You can adjust the exposure from -5.0 to +5.0 EV in steps of 1/3, 1/2, or 1 EV.
Metering: The D850 utilizes through-the-lens (TTL) metering using the camera's 180,000-pixel RGB sensor. You can choose one of the following metering methods:
- 3D Color Matrix III: If using a type G, E, or D lens, you can utilize 3D Color Matrix Metering III (or Color Matrix Metering III with other CPU lenses). The camera meters a wide area of the frame and sets exposure according to distribution of brightness, color, distance, and composition for natural results
- Center-weighted: The camera meters the entire frame but assigns greatest weight (75%) to the area in the center of the frame. The diameter of the circle can be set to 8, 12, 15, or 20mm, or weighting can be based on the average of the entire frame. (Non-CPU lenses use a 12mm circle or average of entire frame.)
- Spot: The camera meters inside a 4mm diameter circle (approximately 1.5% of frame). The circle is centered on the selected focus area, making it possible to meter off-center subjects.
- Highlight-weighted: The camera assigns the greatest weight to highlights to reduce the loss of details in the highlights. An example would be when photographing a spotlighted performer on a stage. Available with type G, E, and D lenses, it is equivalent to center-weighted when other lenses are used.
Multiple Exposure: This feature records a series of two to ten NEF (RAW) exposures as a single photograph. You can choose from the following overlay modes:
- Add: The exposures are overlaid without modification or adjustment in gain.
- Average: Before the exposures are overlaid, the gain for each is divided by the total number of exposures taken.
- Lighten: The camera compares the pixels in each exposures and uses only the brightest.
- Darken: The camera compares the pixels in each exposures and uses only the darkest.
White Balance: White balance is used to preserve natural colors under different types of lighting. You can choose one of the following white balance options: Auto [Keep White (reduce warm colors), Normal, Keep Warm Lighting Colors], Natural Light Auto, Incandescent, Fluorescent (Sodium-vapor lamps, Warm-white, White, Cool-white, Day White, Daylight, High temperature mercury-vapor lamps), Direct Sunlight, Flash, Cloudy, or Shade. You can also choose a color temperature from a list of values (2500K-10000K), or manually set the white balance using the subject, light source, or existing photograph in the memory card as reference.
Bracketing: Bracketing automatically varies exposure, flash level, Active D-Lighting (ADL), or white balance slightly with each shot, "bracketing" the current value. You can set the increment to 1/3, 2/3, 1, 2, or 3 EV, and the number of shots to 2, 3, 5, 7, or 9. In exposure, flash level, and ADL bracketing, multiple shots are required to complete the "bracket" as the camera will vary the settings with each shot. With white balance bracketing, the camera creates multiple copies of each photograph, each with a different white balance. Bracketing can be combined with continuous shooting or the self timer modes.
ISO Sensitivity: ISO Sensitivity is the digital equivalent of film speed. You can set the ISO Sensitivity to Auto or Manual. You can manually select settings of ISO 64 to ISO 25600 in steps of 1/3 EV. For special occasions, you can select expanded settings of 0.3 to 1 EV below ISO 64 (ISO 32 equivalent) and 0.3 to 2 EV above 25600 (ISO 51,200 and ISO 102400 equivalent).
Noise Reduction: Photos taken at high ISO sensitivities can be processed to reduce noise. The amount of noise reduction performed can be set to High, Normal, or Low.
Preset Picture Controls: The camera offers seven preset Nikon Picture Controls. You can choose a Picture Control according to the subject or type of scene:
- Auto: The camera automatically adjusts hues and tones based on the standard picture control. Complexions of portrait subjects appear softer, and elements in outdoor shots (sky, foliage) appear more vivid.
- Standard: standard processing for balanced results; recommended for most situations
- Neutral: minimal processing for natural results; recommended for photographs that will later be extensively processed or retouched
- Vivid: pictures are enhanced for a vivid, photo-print effect; recommended for photos that emphasize primary colors
- Monochrome: takes monochrome photographs
- Portrait: process portrait for skin with natural texture and a rounded feel
- Landscape: produces vibrant landscapes and cityscapes
- Flat: details are preserved over a wide tone range, from highlights to shadows.
Picture Control Settings: The Preset Picture Controls listed above can be modified to suit a particular scene or your creative content. The following manual adjustments can be made:
- Quick Adjust: allows you to reduce or exaggerate the effect of the selected Picture Control Preset
- Sharpening: controls the sharpness of outlines; you can also select Auto which adjust the sharpness automatically according to the scene
- Clarity: adjust clarity manually or automatically; depending on the scene, shadows may appear around bright objects or halos may appear around dark objects at some settings.
- Contrast: adjust contrast automatically according to the type of scene or manually increase or decrease the contrast of your subject
- Brightness: reduce or enhanced brightness level; this does not affect exposure
- Saturation (for non-monochrome): automatically adjust saturation according to the type of scene or choose from values between -3 to +3 to lower or increase your subject's saturation
- Hue (for non-monochrome): adjust your subject's hue from -3 to +3 to change the level of Hue
- Filter Effects (for monochrome): simulate the effect of color filters on monochrome photographs
- Toning (for monochrome): choose the tint used in monochrome photographs
Color Space: The color space determines the gamut of colors available for color reproduction. You can select either sRGB for photos that will be printed or used "as is" with no further modification, or Adobe RGB for images that will be extensively processed or retouched after leaving the camera. The supplied ViewNX-i software and the optional Nikon Capture NX-D software automatically select the correct color space when opening photographs taken with the D850. Results cannot be guaranteed with third-party software.
Active D-Lighting: Active D-Lighting preserves details in highlights and shadows, creating photographs with natural contrast. Active D-Lighting offers the following application strength levels: Auto, Low, Normal, High, Extra High and Off.
Flash Control: The camera supports two flash control modes:
- i-TTL Balanced Fill-flash for Digital SLR: Used with matrix and center-weighted metering, the flash emits a series of nearly invisible pre-flashes immediately before the main flash. Pre-flashes reflected from objects in all areas of the frame are picked up by the 180,000-pixel RGB sensor and are analyzed, along with range information, to adjust the flash output. Available with the SB-300, SB-700, or SB-5000 Speedlights.
- Standard i-TTL Flash for Digital SLR: Flash output is adjusted to bring lighting in the frame to a standard level. This mode is automatically activated when spot metering is selected.
Flash Compensation: Flash compensation is used to alter flash output from -3 EV to +1EV in increments of 1/3 EV to change the brightness of the main subject relative to the background. Flash output can be increased to make the main subject appear brighter or reduced to prevent unwanted highlights or reflections.
FV Lock: This feature is used to lock the flash output, allowing photographs to be recomposed without changing the flash level and ensuring that the flash output is appropriate to the subject even when the subject is not positioned in the center of the frame. The Flash output is adjusted automatically for any changes in ISO sensitivity and aperture.
Wireless Connectivity: The Nikon D850 can connect wirelessly via Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) or Wi-Fi to a compatible smartphone or tablet using Nikon's SnapBridge app. You can automatically upload images from the camera to your smartphone as you take them. SnapBridge also syncs the time and location information from your smartphone to your camera, allowing you to tag this information to your photos. When connected via Wi-Fi, SnapBridge lets you operate the camera shutter remotely from your smart device. Nikon SnapBridge is available for iPhone/iPad with iOS 10.0 or later, and Android devices running Android 5.0 and up.
Viewing Photos: During single-image playback, you can view all the pictures stored on the memory card one at a time. Thumbnail Playback allows you to view four (2x2), nine (3x3), or 72 (9x8) images at once on the LCD monitor so that you can search for an image quickly. During playback, you can use touch commands on the touch-sensitive monitor. Swiping left or right advances forward or in reverse. Touching the bottom of the display shows a frame advance bar so you can quickly advance through your photos by sliding your finger left or right. Stretch and pinch gestures can be used to zoom in and out of a single frame, or to switch from full-frame to thumbnail view.
Playback Menu: The playback menu contains the following options:
- Delete: allows you to delete the current image or all the images in the selected folder or folders
- Playback Folder: allows you to play back the images in the current folder, all folders created with the D850, or all folders on the memory card
- Hide Image: allows you to hide and reveal selected pictures. Hidden images can only be deleted by formatting the memory card.
- Display Options: choose from either a detailed display of information or a basic display of information
- Copy Images: copy pictures from one memory card to another
- Image Review: When this setting is enabled, the camera displays the image on the LCD monitor after the picture is taken.
- After Delete: choose the picture displayed after an image is deleted (next, previous, continue)
- After Burst, Show: After recording a burst of shots, you can choose to see the first or last shot in the burst.
- Auto Image Rotation: Photographs taken while Auto Image Rotation is set to "On" contain information on camera orientation, and allow the images to be rotated automatically during playback.
- Rotate Tall: portrait photos are displayed in tall orientation during playback
- Slide Show: allows you to play back images one after the other in a slide-show fashion. You can select the type of images to display, and how long each photo will be displayed.
- Select to Send to Smart Device: Select photos for upload to a connected smart device (still images only). Photos are uploaded at a size of 2 MP.
Playback Zoom: During single-image and thumbnail playback, you can zoom in on the selected image. You can zoom in up to 32x for large images, up to 24x for medium images, and up to 16x for small images. Once the image is enlarged, you can move it around on the LCD monitor using the multi selector.
Retouch Menu: The Retouched Menu allows you to create trimmed, resized or retouched copies of the photographs you have taken on the memory card. The Retouch Menu gives you the following editing options: NEF (RAW) processing, Trim, Resize, D-Lighting, Red-eye correction, Straighten, Distortion control, Perspective control, Filter effects, Monochrome, Image overlay, Trim movie, and Side-by-side comparison.
Image Comment: The camera allows you to input up to 36 characters of alphanumeric text and save it to a recorded image. The comment can be viewed as metadata in CaptureNX 2 or ViewNX-i software.
PictBridge Printing Capability: Using the supplied USB cable, you can connect this camera directly to a PictBridge compliant printer. PictBridge is a standard that allows you to connect a PictBridge compliant camera directly to a PictBridge compliant printer and make prints, regardless of brand.
HDTV Playback: The camera features a mini-HDMI (Type C) output for connecting the camera to an HDTV or other high-definition video device via an optional HDMI cable, such as the HC-E1. The output resolution can be set to Auto, 2160p, 1080p, 1080i, 720p, 576p, or 480p.
Battery: The D850 is powered by the EN-EL15 Lithium-ion battery (7.0V / 1900mAh / 14Wh). A fully-charged EN-EL15 can provide enough power for approximately 1840 shots, or approximately 70 minutes of HD movie shooting. The battery charges in approximately 2 hours and 35 minutes using the supplied MH-25a battery charger.
Optional AC Adapter: You can power the camera for extended periods on ordinary household current with the EP-5B power connector and EH-5B AC adapter.
Multi-Power Battery Pack: The MB-D18 Multi-Power Battery Pack attaches to the bottom of the camera body, and can accept a rechargeable EN-EL15 battery, a higher-capacity EN-EL18b battery, or eight AA batteries (alkaline, Ni-MH, or Lithium). The MB-D18 also has a shutter-release button, AF-ON button, Multi-selector, and Main- and Sub-command dials for easier operation when shooting photographs in portrait (tall) orientation. With an EN-EL18b battery in the MB-D18, you can shoot continuously at a higher frame rate: 1-8 fps in Continuous Low and 9 fps in Continuous High release mode.
SuperSpeed USB 3.0: The Nikon D850 utilizes a SuperSpeed USB 3.0 Micro-B connection for connecting the camera to a computer. The UC-E22 USB cable supplied with the camera has a Type A USB connection on one end (computer) and a USB 3.0 Micro-B 3.0 connector on the other (camera) end.
Image Software: The camera comes with no software in the box. The following software from Nikon can be downloaded to your computer:
- ViewNX-i: ViewNX-i lets you copy pictures taken with your camera to your computer for organizing and viewing. If you have uploaded location data from your smartphone to your images, the software lets you view your images on a map, showing where the image was captured. ViewNX-i lets you easily process and edit your movie footage. Included with ViewNX-i are the Nikon Transfer 2 and ViewNX-i Movie Editor applications.
- Capture NX-D: Nikon's Capture NX-D software can be used to retouch photos or to change settings for NEF (RAW) pictures and save them to other formats. The software can be used to enhance JPEG and TIFF images through adjustments to brightness, contrast, tone curves, and more. It also offers an Image Dust Off feature that removes image artifacts caused by dust inside the camera.
- Camera Control Pro 2: Camera Control Pro 2 is used to control cameras connected via interface cables or with wireless transmitters in a local area network (LAN). Pictures can be downloaded to your computer or saved to the camera's memory card, and shared with applications such as ViewNX-i or Capture NX-D. Camera Control Pro 2 is available for download as a trial version that can be used for up to 30 days before purchase is required.
- Picture Control Utility 2: Picture Control Utility 2 lets you edit and manage Picture Controls. Starting from NEF (RAW) images or custom Picture Controls copied from a camera, you can create and save new custom Picture Controls. Custom Picture Controls created in Picture Control Utility 2 can be used in ViewNX-i or Capture NX-D or exported to a memory card and imported to a camera.
Computer Requirements: The above listed software is compatible with the following operating systems:
- Windows: Windows 10 (Home, Pro, and Enterprise), Windows 8.1 (including Pro and Enterprise), Windows 7 (Home Basic, Home Premium, Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate) with Service Pack 1
- Macintosh: macOS Mojave (10.14), macOS High Sierra (10.13.6), and macOS Sierra (10.12.6)
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