Contact us
Close contact box

JL Audio 10W0v3-4

W0v3 Series 10" 4-ohm subwoofer

Item # 13610W0V34

The JL Audio name means high-quality sound, and the 10W0v3-4 10" subwoofer doesn't come up short when...

The JL Audio name means high-quality sound, and the 10W0v3-4 10" subwoofer doesn't come up short when...

Need help?
Contact our Virginia-based experts.
Top Seller

Item # 13610W0V34

Ships free

In stock
$119.99 each

Other options

About the JL Audio 10W0v3-4

Precision-built bass

The JL Audio name means high-quality sound, and the 10W0v3-4 10" subwoofer doesn't come up short when delivering trademark JL performance. You'll find patented technologies like an optimized motor system that promotes precise, linear cone movement, plus advanced cooling systems throughout the frame for rapid heat dissipation.

Precision-built bass

The JL Audio name means high-quality sound, and the 10W0v3-4 10" subwoofer doesn't come up short when delivering trademark JL performance. You'll find patented technologies like an optimized motor system that promotes precise, linear cone movement, plus advanced cooling systems throughout the frame for rapid heat dissipation.

Side view of 10W0v3-4 subwoofer

Long-lasting performance

This W0v3 Series sub features a tough polypropylene cone that resists flexing, and a durable foam surround that'll stand up to hard use. The cone's extra-long excursion capability lets it hit truly deep notes without distorting, while the hefty 2-inch voice coil drives the woofer accurately for top-notch performance under extreme conditions.

The patented elevated frame design delivers air flow directly to the voice coil, cooling it for better power handling. JL Audio designed this sub to work in compact sealed or medium-sized ported enclosures, and they offer an optional grille that'll protect your JL Audio sub in its box.

Need an amp for this sub? Check out these Crutchfield-approved single- and dual-sub bass packages.

READ LESS

Product highlights:

  • 10" 4-ohm subwoofer
  • polypropylene cone with foam surround
  • power range: 75-300 watts RMS
  • peak power handling: 600 watts
  • frequency response: 25-250 Hz
  • sensitivity: 84.07 dB
  • top-mount depth: 4-15/16"
  • sealed box volume: 0.65 cubic feet
  • ported box volume: 1.125 cubic feet
  • grille not included
  • warranty: 1 year
  • Our 60-day money-back guarantee
  • MFR # 92165

What's in the box:

  • One 10" Single voice coil 4-ohm subwoofer
  • Owner's Manual

Customer reviews

Loading reviews...

JL Audio 10W0v3-4 reviews

Average review:

139 reviews

Thanks for submitting your review

Filter by rating

Customer photos

Sort reviews

Sort by:
Items per page:
View page:

Verified customer (What's this?)
Verified employee purchase (What's this?)

Pros:

Cons:

Crutchfield response

<< >>

Product Research

Features
Enclosure Compatibility

Features

Dynamic Motor Analysis (DMA): DMA is JL Audio's proprietary method aimed at improving dynamic motor behavior. As a result of DMA optimization, 10W0v3-4 motors display linear force over a long excursion range, and also maintain a stable fixed magnetic field in the gap over a wide power range. The result is reduced distortion, faithfully reproduced transients, and tight, clean, articulate bass.

Elevated Frame Cooling: The elevated frame design of the 10W0v3-4 delivers cool air through slots directly above the top plate to the voice coil. This not only enhances power handling, but also sound quality by minimizing dynamic parameter shifts and power compression.

Rear Gasket: The woofer has a rear gasket to provide an optimal seal when installing into the enclosure.

Long Excursion: The 10W0v3-4 subwoofer has 11.4mm of linear excursion, giving you louder bass with less distortion.

Enclosure Compatibility

Recommended Sealed Box Volume: JL Audio recommends a 0.65 ft³ sealed box. A diagram is provided in the owner's manual for a sealed box with external dimensions of 18" W x 11" H x 9" D, assuming 3/4" thick material. (If you are using 5/8" thick materials, you should subtract 1/4" from each dimension.)

Recommended Ported Box Volume: JL Audio recommends a 1.125 ft³ ported box. A diagram is provided in the owner's manual for a ported box with external dimensions of 23" W x 12" H x 13.625" D, assuming 3/4" thick material. (If you are using 5/8" thick materials, you should subtract 1/4" from each dimension.) A slot port measuring 10.5" tall x 1.25" wide x 32" long is recommended, resulting in a tuning frequency of 30 Hz and a -3 dB point of 29.6 Hz.

Loading accessories...

Customer Q&A

Q
Crutchfield asked: Why did you buy this?
A
I've been using this speaker for 2 years and it sounds great! I just ordered another one today to put in a custom dual chamber sealed enclosure I'm building to put under the rear seat in my Silverado. I didn't need the extra sub as 1 was PLENTY but... why not :P [ Michael  Sep 29, 2019 ]
A
Bass and more bang for the buck$$ [ TRAVIS  Sep 04, 2019 ]
A
Supposedlu fit my car og woofer [ Richard  Aug 02, 2019 ]
A
the review I read in crutchfield [ Angel M. Ruiz  Jun 19, 2019 ]
A
Their my favorite brand of subwoofer [ William Chad  Jun 05, 2019 ]
A
The review [ brennan  May 13, 2019 ]
A
To replace a sub that failed. Wanted one to match. Was rated good on the website. [ meesersmom1  Apr 07, 2019 ]
A
Because I have heard so many great things about Jl audio products. [ Joseph Kyle  Mar 08, 2019 ]
A
jl's reputation [ Cmurra6745  Feb 24, 2019 ]
A
Marisa my advisor recommended this as it is well respected in the car audio business. Great price. [ Gary C.   Feb 02, 2019 ]
A
You can't go wrong with JL! [ Jason  Feb 01, 2019 ]
A
JL products never fail! [ Wayne  Jan 05, 2019 ]
A
After using Pioneer and other speakers in my cars for 40 years, audio shop recommended JL speakers when upgrading the factory system in my Toyota Highlander. Without a doubt JL Audio speakers are the best I've ever heard for clarity at low and high volume. I know this sub will offer the same sound and compliment my system. [ Willie  Jan 05, 2019 ]
A
Friends have this product and all are happy with it. Great price! [ Terry  Jan 02, 2019 ]
A
Great brand and specs for my needs [ Wigberto  Dec 19, 2018 ]
A
trust jl audio [ andrew  Dec 13, 2018 ]
A
JL Audio hasn't let me down yet [ Ernest  Nov 23, 2018 ]
A
Don't judge, but I'm replacing my previous 10" JL audio sub that lasted for 20+ yrs. Seemed like a no brainer to go with the same manufacturer after that much use. [ Corey  Oct 06, 2018 ]
A
I have 2 of them 1 blew so am replacing [ carl  Sep 24, 2018 ]
A
I love Jl Audio. They were affordable for me at the level I chose. JL Audio is the best of the best! [ David  Sep 16, 2018 ]
A
JL Audio is a great company that has quality products. [ Robert  Sep 14, 2018 ]
A
JL Audio is just plain awesome. I bought some used 12"W0, kept them for about 4-5yrs, and I regret passing them on. These woofers can take a pounding and not skip a beat. I know i flexed mine over and over through those years and they still sounded amazing when they went away. I highly recommend these subs at any W rating. [ DAVID  Sep 04, 2018 ]
A
Wanted a lower priced sub that would still push some air. When compared to others in the price range, this rated highest in output while retaining the lowest distortion. [ Paul  Aug 18, 2018 ]
A
big sound, small mounting depth so they fit in the limited space under my truck's rear seats. [ Jamie R.  Jul 21, 2018 ]
A
Good Review [ Charles  Jul 10, 2018 ]
A
Should fit in my JL Stealthbox for my 300zx, though it may require some minor modification. I'll find out on when I get it. [ David  Jul 04, 2018 ]
A
Read excellent reviews. My first time with JL and a 10" sub. [ Zefin  Jun 05, 2018 ]
A
Brand reputation [ Jason  May 21, 2018 ]
A
Drummers advise [ Brian  May 15, 2018 ]
A
Because I've always had JL Audio as the preference and their RMS rating fits perfectly with the amplifier I ordered. [ Brady  May 15, 2018 ]
A
Best bang for your buck! [ jamie  Apr 16, 2018 ]
A
I have had a set of these in continuous use for 19 years. The rubber surround on one of them finally gave out. After looking at all of the other options and going back and forth on what to get, I decided to just buy another pair. Hopefully these sound just as good and last as long. [ John  Apr 15, 2018 ]
A
good reviews [ LEE B  Apr 14, 2018 ]
A
Recommended by Adam [ Jason  Feb 24, 2018 ]
A
You cant ever go wrong with JL! [ Don  Feb 23, 2018 ]
A
I always was JL Audio fan and I was considering a pair of punch.I spoke with Adam one of your reps he spoke with me and said he would prefer these speakers over the Punch he side the bass was a little deeper so that was enough for me. So I purchased them. [ Joshua  Feb 07, 2018 ]
A
They seemed like the best bang for my buck. [ Christopher  Feb 06, 2018 ]
A
Price and the reviews. [ Robert  Feb 05, 2018 ]
A
Most popular brand .Beter rating [ ENRIQUE  Jan 14, 2018 ]
A
I wanted an upgrade on my sound system [ Thomas Lee  Jan 05, 2018 ]
A
It was matched to the Sound Ordnance enclosure that I purchased. The reviews of the combination were awesome. [ Tom  Dec 30, 2017 ]
A
reviews and price and <5" height [ Chris  Dec 28, 2017 ]
A
Quality and price [ Nelson  Dec 22, 2017 ]
A
Quality speakers. [ Oswaldo  Dec 01, 2017 ]
A
Awesome reviews and thought id try them out. Heard they hit hard [ Jeremy  Nov 26, 2017 ]
A
Great reviews, and you can't beat the price! [ Hayden  Nov 14, 2017 ]
A
I've been running JL Audio subs my whole life and have never been disappointed. Great product! [ David  Nov 04, 2017 ]
A
Have the best sound I have ever heard [ Robert Lee  Oct 29, 2017 ]
A
My advisor Hogan spent a fair amount of time with me and helped me navigate through my choices compared to my preferences. [ Peter  Oct 17, 2017 ]
A
These were the best speakers at the price and they work great [ Jake  Sep 26, 2017 ]
A
top of the line best of the best [ Michael  Sep 18, 2017 ]
A
Price and quality. [ Pete  Sep 01, 2017 ]
A
After 16 years, my JL Audio 10W0-4 gave out. It was in its 3rd car and 2nd enclosure. Simple decision to replace it with the 4th generation of the same speaker. How many things last that long these days? [ MATTHEW  Aug 31, 2017 ]
A
I chose this as the best bang for the buck to replace some older JL audio subs that I had [ Jeff  Aug 25, 2017 ]
A
It was a VERY tough choice between this and the Rockford Fosgate P2D4-10, but it ultimately came down to lower frequency response and higher sensitivity. This will be my first JL product, so hopefully it will live up to the amazing reputation. [ Rhett  Aug 21, 2017 ]
A
I'll audio is a trusted brand, also this particular sub is one of their best. Not only is it one of their best but one of the best, this speaker tops ratings for volume and quality of sound in its league. [ Josiah  Jul 06, 2017 ]
A
Because it will fit in the swallow area underneath my rear fold-up seat. [ Jonathan  Jun 19, 2017 ]
A
perfect sub for my needs. going to try it and hope it comes with stikers so i can advertise product [ Jeff  Jun 15, 2017 ]
A
Great price for the boom I needed. JL has always been a great product for me so I've stuck with them! [ Geoffrey  Jun 12, 2017 ]
A
Replacement subs for my sons truck. Big upgrade from the MTX that were in the Thunderform [ ron  Jun 06, 2017 ]
A
Looks like the best choice for a small (.5 cu ft) sealed enclosure. [ ERIK  May 19, 2017 ]
A
JL AUDIO SOUNDS SO GOOD [ JOHN GREG  May 12, 2017 ]
A
JL has always been the best in my opinion. [ Brian  May 09, 2017 ]
A
Highly recommended [ SHERMAN  Apr 20, 2017 ]
A
Best subs you can get.. quality soud [ Juan  Apr 12, 2017 ]
A
Reviews were great. [ C  Apr 09, 2017 ]
A
Had the 8' jl audio subs and loved them! Have more room in my new truck so going bigger! [ Brandon  Mar 27, 2017 ]
A
Needed an upgrade from my starter Kenwoods. These will fit my box and they're $60 cheaper than from my installer! [ Christopher  Mar 17, 2017 ]
A
In my budget. Good price. Convenient. Used this site before and was happy with services. [ DARRELL  Feb 17, 2017 ]
A
Top notch company, high quality product [ Bruce  Feb 04, 2017 ]
A
Friend has this woofer in his truck and 350Z and they sound amazing! Easy choice once you've heard the sound. [ Ryan  Feb 02, 2017 ]
A
Read the reviews.. seems like the best bet for the money and doesn't need a ton of power. [ cody  Jan 30, 2017 ]
A
Best all around 10" [ Ty  Jan 22, 2017 ]
A
A great woofer all around [ Dominick A.  Jan 16, 2017 ]
A
JL Audio is well known for their Subwoofers. I have JL Audio component speakers and Subwoofers in the past. All are great sounding speakers.... [ ACSO  Nov 29, 2016 ]
A
JL speaker has the best sound for car audio [ carlos  Nov 26, 2016 ]
A
Jl is the best [ Matthew  Nov 09, 2016 ]
A
Quality product at a good price. [ Anthony  Oct 29, 2016 ]
A
Based on the type of music I listen to, I was instructed by my brothers to get one or two 8 inch subwoofers. But I've always liked anything in excess so I decided to go with the 500 watt 10's. Better too much than not enough! [ David  Oct 11, 2016 ]
A
Been running the same subwoofer in my jeep and it has been amazing for 2 years now. Buying a second now for my firebird! [ Robert  Sep 16, 2016 ]
A
Great value [ JOSEPH  Aug 18, 2016 ]
A
I have had JL in the past and loved it. [ Tom  Aug 06, 2016 ]
A
Because the reviews made them sound like they were high quality and just what I was looking for! [ Riley  Jul 18, 2016 ]
A
recommended by a friend [ Clint  Jun 21, 2016 ]
A
I needed a shallow mount sub for my truck and this is rated very well. [ Phill  Mar 31, 2016 ]
A
I heard JL Audio was the best [ J  Mar 15, 2016 ]
A
Advisor recommendation within our budget. [ J  Dec 29, 2015 ]
A
Good sub for my system. [ william gerstenmeier  Dec 23, 2015 ]
SHOW MORESHOW LESS

18 questions already asked

Q
What do I need to wire the subwoofer?
[ Zack  May 21, 2019 ]
1 answer
A
Of course you need a power source, an amplifier, and 12 or 14 gauge speaker wire.
[ TMoh  May 22, 2019 ]
Q
Does it fit for a 2016 Mitsubishi Outlander Sport Gt?
[ lilrob  Apr 25, 2019 ]
1 answer
A
You can check to see if this will fit your vehicle by using our Outfit My Car tool: http://www.crutchfield.com/car/carselector.aspx For additional details on fit or installation please contact an Advisor by phone (1-800-324-9695) or online chat. They will be able to pull up your vehicle and give you the details on if this will fit and what you will need for an installation in your vehicle.
[ Krissy  May 06, 2019 ]  Staff
Q
Does this fit an Acura RSX 10" Unloaded Subwoofer Box 2002-2006?
[ Jacob  Dec 11, 2018 ]
1 answer
A
It does fit our Q-Logic 10" unloaded subwoofer box that we carry for those cars. Here is this box: www.crutchfield.com/p_044C1RSA01/item.html My Bio: https://www.crutchfield.com/bio/Paul
[ Paul  Dec 20, 2018 ]  Staff
Q
a 0.95 cubic ft sealed box be too big for this sub-woofer?
[ Juan  May 03, 2018 ]
2 answers
A
That is about time and a half the recommendations from JL. They are spot on with their specs so I tend to stay as close to them as possible. That said, your personal preference on sound may dictate that you are going with just what you need. I would give it a shot and see if you get the bass you're looking for. Hope that helps.
[ Anthony  May 08, 2018 ]
A
It is bigger than the specs suggest , but it will work if you absolutely can't get closer to specs.
[ Jason  May 08, 2018 ]
Q
I have an old school Punch 800a2 amp that puts out 200w rms x 2 at 4 ohms per channel and 800w on a 4 ohm load running in mono. If I run a single one of these subs, can I run it off of only one channel and leave the other channel unused? The amp is probably overkill for this sub, but I don't want to buy a different amp and I don't want to/can't step up to a w3 or a thin line because they are super expensive and probably overkill for what I want.
[ Jon  Nov 30, 2017 ]
1 answer
A
Thanks for your question. I would recommend reaching out to an Advisor by phone (1-800-324-9695) or online chat to discuss compatibility with your amplifier in more detail. They will be able to help determine if the JL W0v3-4 is the right option; and if not, they can suggest an alternative better suited for your amp.
[ Larry  Dec 04, 2017 ]  Staff
Q
Would this subwoofer be a better choice than running two 10WOV-3-4 subwoofers together in parallel? I'm trying to decide between the two.
[ Orlando  Oct 22, 2017 ]
1 answer
A
I would think it would depend on your amplifier, and subjectively on your needs. Im running a single with a nonported box sized to spec, as well as a RF amp at nearly 600w and I don't feel I would ever need more.
[ kenneth  Oct 23, 2017 ]
Q
is this tight bass?
[ MACDADDY1971  Jun 15, 2017 ]
3 answers
A
Yes it very tight bass
[ Richard  Jun 19, 2017 ]
A
It is. It's tight and punchy though I have it in a smaller box due to my truck size. 2008 chevy Silverado extended cab. Hope that helps.
[ MARK A  Jun 18, 2017 ]
A
Yes. High bass is really tight. Mid to lows sound good on these subs, but they do not project outside the vehicle very much. I was running three of these on direct with a 2000w Kenwood and they would hit really hard and tight inside the truck, but were not very loud outside the truck
[ MIKE  Jun 18, 2017 ]
Q
How is the transient response for this sub? I am looking for a sub that can react well to rock and electronic music with double bass drums. Would you recommend this sub for that application?
[ Will  Jan 16, 2017 ]
2 answers
A
I can tell you that I listen to rock, metal, country and some electronic music and my sub hits perfect. I'm running mine in a sealed enclosure and putting 500w to it. I couldn't be happier.
[ Brian  Jan 16, 2017 ]
A
Yes, I have this sub and it's great! I have it in a sealed enclosure with a sound ordnance M-1500 amp. I mostly listen to rock and alternative, the response and punch is amazing.
[ Desert racer  Jan 16, 2017 ]
Q
Is this sub suitable to use in a free air application?
[ Matthew  Jan 16, 2017 ]
1 answer
A
The JL Audio 10W0v3-4 is not designed for free-air installations. JL recommends either a sealed or ported box, and includes diagrams in the owner's manual with specific dimensions for both. If you would like to discuss further or explore free-air rated subs we car, you can contact an Advisor directly by phone (1-800-324-9695) or online chat.
[ Larry  Jan 25, 2017 ]  Staff
Q
Fit in f150?
[ Yeaplease  Aug 25, 2016 ]
1 answer
A
You can check to see if this will fit your vehicle by using our Outfit My Car tool: http://www.crutchfield.com/car/carselector.aspx For additional details on fit or installation please contact an Advisor by phone (1-800-324-9695) or online chat. They will be able to pull up your vehicle and give you the details on if this will fit and what you will need for an installation in your vehicle.
[ Krissy  Aug 26, 2016 ]  Staff
Q
What mono amp will work best for one of this subwoofer?
[ bestgio  Jul 01, 2016 ]
1 answer
A
Thanks for your question. For information on selecting the best amp for your subs I would recommend reaching out to an Advisor by phone (1-800-324-9695) or online chat. They will be able to help determine the differences between the amp models and help you make the best choice for your system.
[ Krissy  Jul 01, 2016 ]  Staff
Q
I'm trying to replace the old blue speaker for rear and want to know if this will fit?
[ Heather  Mar 21, 2016 ]
1 answer
A
You can check to see what fits your vehicle by using our Outfit My Car tool: http://www.crutchfield.com/car/carselector.aspx For additional details on fit or installation please contact an Advisor by phone (1-800-324-9695) or online chat. They will be able to pull up your vehicle and give you the details on what fits and what you will need for an installation in your vehicle.
[ Kenny  Mar 21, 2016 ]  Staff
Q
I have a factory sub in my car. Is this a plug and play replacement?
[ Tony  Feb 19, 2016 ]
1 answer
A
You will want to contact an Advisor by phone (1-800-324-9695) or online chat to discuss compatibility with your factory system. They will be able to pull up your vehicle and see if this will integrate. If it does not, then they will also be able to discuss other options with you.
[ Kenny  Feb 19, 2016 ]  Staff
Q
Which sealed box would you recommended for the sub?
[ Andrew  Jan 31, 2016 ]
2 answers
A
JL Recommends .65 cu ft sealed enclosure for this Sub. I have mine in a custom stealth enclosure thats about .6 cu ft. Stuffed it with a little extra baffling and it kicks @ss. JL sells stealth boxes for many different model cars if you're interested
[ Mark  Feb 01, 2016 ]
A
You can use a .75 up to 1.0 cubic ft sealed box.
[ JUAN  Feb 01, 2016 ]
Q
I have a 2015 toyota tacoma with Jbl system. The subwoofer is not really that strong. Would this fit in my truck with out any modifications and would it be a simple swap, remove the jbl sub and just install this sub? Thanks.
[ Miguel  Oct 20, 2015 ]
1 answer
A
For details on fit or installation please contact an Advisor by phone (1-800-324-9695) or online chat. They will be able to pull up your vehicle and give you the details on if this will fit and what you will need for an installation in your vehicle.
[ Krissy  Oct 20, 2015 ]  Staff
Q
What amp would you recommend to power one of these in a g35 coupe? im on about a 400 dollar budget.
[ Alonso  Sep 25, 2015 ]
1 answer
A
Thanks for your question. For information on selecting the best amp for your subs I would recommend reaching out to an Advisor by phone (1-800-324-9695) or online chat. They will be able to help determine the differences between the amp models and help you make the best choice for your system.
[ Krissy  Sep 28, 2015 ]  Staff
Q
What is the minimum top mount depth for the box? The sub specs say its' mount depth is 4 15/16 and I have a box that is 5 1/4.... is that enough? Thanks!
[ Hunter  Jul 29, 2014 ]
3 answers
A
I wish I could remember exactly how much room it took. Even though I don't recall the exact number, I do remember initially thinking that there was going to be enough room looking at the specs, but then I still end up having to buy a spacer to make them fit. I know the lack of exact details doesn't help as much, but that's what I recall.
[ JUSTIN  Jul 30, 2014 ]
A
Mine are in a custom JL ported box so I don't know sorry.
[ REGINALD O  Jul 30, 2014 ]
A
As long as you have a half inch between the bottom of the box and magnet you should be fine
[ MARTIN  Jul 29, 2014 ]
Q
What is the recommend size amp to power 2 of these in a sealed enclosure box . Just these two subs seperate from the rest of the car system ??? I will be running a seperate amp for the front and rears .
[ Jason  Apr 28, 2014 ]
7 answers
A
If you are looking for an amp to only push the subs then you want to look for an amp that ranges between 500 and 600 watts.
[ TOMMY G  Apr 29, 2014 ]
A
My one is currently wired into a 420w channel in my amp and that's too much power. I had to adjust the settings and ride around for awhile to get the sound just right. It states that the Recommended Power Range is 100-300w and that's the truth. So for two I say nothing over 800w.
[ ADAM  Apr 29, 2014 ]
A
They have a 250 watt max I would run a 500-1 mono amp and bride the speakers so that both recieve 250 watts a speaker.wich will run these at the optimal power setting with blowing them
[ CHRISTOPHER  Apr 29, 2014 ]
A
something rated at about 500watts rms for 2. why are you using two seperate amps? i would recomend an alpine pdx-v9.
[ JASON S  Apr 29, 2014 ]
A
At minimum I would suggest an amp that pushes 700 watts RMS.. it's always better to go with something a little more powerful than the sub so that you are actually powering the sub.. I had one of these in a sealed box with an 350 watt RMS amp it was an MTX mono block. No complaints.
[ JEREMY  Apr 28, 2014 ]
A
At minimum I would suggest an amp that pushes 200 watts RMS.. it's always better to go with something a little more powerful than the sub so that you are actually powering the sub.. I had one of these in a sealed box with an 150 watt RMS amp it was an MTX mono block. No complaints.
[ JEREMY  Apr 28, 2014 ]
A
I have a 300 watt amp powering one of these and it sounds great. Amp is turned up barely over half way. I would think a 400 to 500 watt amp should work well unless you like a heavy amount of bass. Thanks
[ MATTHEW J  Apr 28, 2014 ]
SHOW MORESHOW LESS

Loading articles...

TOP