About the Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II (no lens included)
A next-level Micro Four Thirds camera
A next-level Micro Four Thirds camera
The Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II is a compact, high-powered workhorse with plenty of pro-level features. For all the control it offers, it's still not too complicated for beginners or advanced amateurs. Its lightweight, weatherproof frame makes it easy to take along anywhere, and it has the speed and image quality to handle even the most challenging shooting situations.
Built for speed
The OM-D EM-1 Mark II is designed to react quickly to changing scenes. In continuous shooting mode, you get a stream of high-resolution pictures at an astounding 18 frames per second. The camera's F.A.S.T. (Frequency Acceleration Sensor Technology) 121-point autofocus system locks onto your subject practically instantaneously. AF tracking keeps moving subjects in sharp focus as they change position in the frame.
This is the first Olympus camera to offer 4K video capabilities. The OM-D E-M1 Mark II records 4K movies at rates of up to 30 frames per second. Two HDMI output modes add flexibility to video recording. Monitor Mode lets you use an external display, and Recording Mode lets you record to an external recorder.
Share instantly and expand your control with Wi-Fi
Uploading photos is quick and easy with the OM-D E-M1 Mark II's built-in Wi-Fi. The Olympus Image Share app lets you connect to your compatible mobile device. The remote feature lets you shoot hands-free, with the camera on a tripod or on the ground. Change settings, focus, zoom, and shoot right from your phone. You can also use it for self-portraits and group shots.
- 20.4-megapixel effective recording
- Micro Four Thirds-type Live MOS image sensor (17.3 x 13.0 mm)
- high-speed sensor design for distortion-free images of moving subjects
- special anti-reflective coating on sensor reduces flare
- compatible with Micro Four Thirds lenses
- 4K video recording up to 30 frames per second
- built-in Wi-Fi for easy sharing and control from smart devices
- TruePic™ VIII Dual Quad Core processor improves focus performance and overall camera speed
- dustproof, splash-proof, and freeze-proof to 14°F
- five-axis in-body image stabilization provides shake and movement compensation for clear, sharp handheld photos and videos in any light
- 3" (1,040,000-dot) tilting touchscreen LCD with brightness and color temperature control
- high-resolution (2,360,000-dot) electronic viewfinder with 1.3X magnification
- full-time live view mode for touchscreen and viewfinder lets you instantly see how your settings will affect the image
- built-in dust reduction system to keep image sensor clean
- 121-point autofocus for accurate, high-speed focusing, even when subject is in motion
- AF tracking locks focus and adjusts brightness for sharp captures of moving subjects
- face/eye detection autofocus with face recognition locks in focus for sharp candids and portraits
- in-body AF limiter function shortens AF drive time with three customizable focus distance ranges
- 14 in-camera art filters including pop art and soft focus, plus 9 in-camera art effects including pin-hole effect and star light effect
- focus stacking automatically takes several shots with varying focal points and composites them into a single image
- silent mode eliminates shutter noise and all electronic sounds, great for quiet environments
- 50 Megapixel High-Res Shot Mode captures 8 consecutive shots and composites them into one ultra-high-resolution image (25 Megapixel Mode is also available)
- Pro Capture Mode uses silent electronic shutter to catch the exact moment you want without any lag
- dual memory card slots accept optional SD/SDHC/SDXC memory cards
Exposure Modes and Controls:
- continuous shooting mode: up to 18 frames per second with full-time autofocus
- shutter speed range: 60-1/8,000 seconds mechanical shutter, bulb
- electronic shutter (Silent Mode): 1/32000 - 60 sec.
- sensitivity or ISO (film speed equivalent) range: 64-25,600 for crisp, low-noise images in nearly any light
- program auto, shutter-priority, aperture-priority, manual, and fully automatic exposure modes
- 2 mode dials for quick access to exposure settings
- 6 bracketing functions, including ISO, white balance, flash, art filter, and HDR post process let you choose the best shot from a series of images
- in-camera editing of RAW files
- live bulb and live time modes display the scene on the LCD screen at set intervals so you can keep tabs on your exposure while the shutter is still open
- flash sync at 1/250 seconds or less
Still Photo Formats
- still image storage modes: JPEG, RAW, and RAW+JPEG
- top JPEG resolution (pixels): 5,184 x 3,888
- 4K UHD (30, 25, 24 frames per second)
- Full HD 1080p (60, 50, 30, 25, 24 frames per second)
- HD 720p (60, 50, 30, 25, 24 frames per second)
- AVC/H 2.64 movies and Motion-JPEG files with stereo sound
Connections and Dimensions:
- SuperSpeed USB 3.0 interface
- micro HDMI output (cable not included)
- 3.5mm headphone and stereo microphone jacks
- 5-5/16"W x 3-5/8"H x 3"D (without lens)
- weight (with battery): 19.6 oz.
- rechargeable BLH-1 lithium ion battery
- battery charger
- FL-LM3 flash
- neck strap
- body cap
- USB cable
- warranty: 1 year
- Our 60-day money-back guarantee
- MFR # V207060BU000
What's in the box:
- Digital camera body (black)
- BC-2 Body cap (installed)
- SC-1 Hotshoe cover (installed)
- BLH-1 Lithium-Ion rechargeable battery (7.4V 1720mAh)
- BCH-1 Battery Charger (8.4V 1.1A)
- 6' AC cord
- FL-LM3 Flash unit
- Flash unit soft storage case
- 39" CB-USB11 USB-C cable (Type A USB on one end and Type C USB on other end)
- Neck strap
- Cable clip
- Basic Manual (En/Fr/Es)
- Warranty card
- Authorized Distributors List
Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II (no lens included) reviews
Thanks for submitting your review
More details on the Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II (no lens included)
Features & specs
|LCD Screen Size||3"|
|Lens 35mm Equivalent||None included|
|Built-in Flash||Unit included|
|Sensor Size||Four Thirds|
|Image Stabilization||Sensor Shift|
|Highest Resolution||5184 x 3888|
|Video Resolution||4096 x 2160|
|Weight With Battery (ounces)||19.6|
|Parts Warranty||1 Year|
|Labor Warranty||1 Year|
Overview: The EM-1 Mark II, from the Olympus OM-D series of mirrorless cameras, is the most innovative and advanced thus far. The EM-1 Mk II features a Micro Four Thirds mount and a lineup of quality lenses to choose from. (This EM-1 Mark II body only kit includes no lenses.) Advanced features include a 5-axis in-body Image Stabilization System, 121-point Dual F.A.S.T auto focusing system, a 20MP Live MOS image sensor, 4K movie recording, and an Electronic Viewfinder. It also includes the FL-LM3 external flash unit, and a SuperSpeed USB 3.0 interface with a USB-C cable.
M.Zuiko Digital Lenses: The EM-1 Mark II is compatible with M.Zuiko Micro Four Thirds lenses, including M.Zuiko PRO lenses. The optional MMF-3 adapter allows you to mount a Four Thirds lens on the Micro Four Thirds-compliant EM-1 Mark II camera.
Rugged Construction: The EM-1 Mark II features an enclosed magnesium alloy weatherproof body that makes the camera lightweight and tough. It weighs less than 20 ounces with the battery. It is also built so that it is freezeproof, dustproof, and splashproof, so you can depend on the camera in harsh environments.
Image Pickup Device: The EM-1 Mark II uses a 4/3" Live MOS sensor (17.4 x 13.0mm) with approximately 21.77-million total pixels and 20.37-million effective pixels. The Live MOS sensor is complimented by Olympus' newest TruePic VIII Dual Quad Core Image Processor for up to 15 fps sequential shooting with continuous autofocus (with mechanical shutter), or 60 fps burst shooting (with electronic shutter).
Dust Reduction System: The EM-1 Mark II's Dust Reduction System utilizes a Supersonic Wave Filter to eliminate dust particles on the image sensor. The self-cleaning sensor unit silently vibrates 30,000 times per second, ensuring clear, spot-free images.
3" LCD Touch Monitor: The camera has a 3" Vari-Angle Touch LCD for framing your shots and viewing your digital pictures and videos. The 3:2 aspect ratio, 1,037,000-dot display swings out 180° from the body, and can be swiveled backward 270° or forward 90°. When you turn the monitor to the selfie position, the image will flip so you can properly frame your self-portrait. Touch navigation lets you control the camera in both the shooting and playback modes with the touch of a finger.
Electronic Viewfinder: In addition to the 3" monitor, the EM-1 Mark II has a built-in, high-resolution eye-level Electronic Viewfinder (EVF). The 2,360,000-dot EVF provides a bright clear view of your subject with a choice of three display styles and six different grids. The camera is equipped with an eye sensor that turns the viewfinder on when you raise the camera to your eye, and switches back to the monitor when you lower it. There is also a diopter to let you adjust the viewfinder to your eyesight.
Image Recording Formats: The EM-1 Mark II records digital still images in JPEG format, as well as uncompressed RAW images. RAW images can be processed into JPEG files in the camera or using downloadable software from Olympus. You can record up to 30 seconds of audio with still images in WAV format. Movies are recorded in MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 (MOV format) or Motion JPEG (AVI format) with 16-bit PCM stereo audio at a 48 kHz sampling rate.
Still Image File Sizes: The EM-1 Mark II allows you to shoot still images in Large (5184 x 3888*), Medium (3200 x 2400, 2560 x 1920, 1920 x 1440, 1600 x 1200), or Small (1280 x 960, 1024 x 768), with your choice of 4 compression modes. You can set the aspect ratio to 4:3, 16:9, 3:2, 1:1 or 3:4. Compression modes available for each picture resolution are Super Fine (1/2.7 compression), Fine (1/4), Normal (1/8), and Basic (1/12). RAW images can be recorded only in Large size with lossless compression (approximately 1/1.5 compression).
* Pixel count for 4:3 aspect ratio
High Res Shot Mode: The High Res Shot lets you capture incredibly detailed images with resolution that exceeds that of many full-frame DSLRs. The High Res Shot automatically captures 8 consecutive shots in one second, and combines the images into one ultra-high resolution photo. The advanced TruePic VIII Image Processor prevents image blur caused by subject movement. In the end, you can choose from the following image file sizes (JPEG): 50M 8160 x 6120 or 25M 5760 x 4320 with Fine (1/4) compression. You can also shoot a RAW image along with the JPEG (JPEG+RAW). The camera saves a single RAW image (10368 x 7776) before combining it with the high resolution shooting. The RAW image can be played by with the Olympus Viewer 3 software.
Movie Modes: The E-M1 Mk II can record 4K, Custom 4K, Full HD movies in MOV format (MPEG-4 AVC/H.264) to display on TV, and HD movies in AVI format (Motion JPEG) for computer playback or editing. There are two types of compressions methods to choose from: IPB is interframe compression which balances good image quality with a reduced overall file size, and selectable SuperFine, Fine, or Normal compression, while All-I is All-Intra compression which is more suitable for editing, but has a larger overall file size. The maximum video recording time is approximately 29 minutes in MOV and 7 minutes in AVI.
|Record Mode||Pixel Count||Compression Method / Frame Rate|
|Custom 4K (C4K)||4096 x 2160 / 24p||IPB (237 Mbps)|
|UHD (4K)||3840 x 2160 / 30p, 24p||IPB (102 Mbps)|
|Full HD (FHD)||1920 x 1080 / 30p, 24p||All-I (202 Mbps) |
IPB (SFine: 52 Mbps, Fine: 30 Mbps), Norm: 18 Mbps)
|Full HD (FHD)||1920 x 1080 / 60p||IPB (SFine: 52 Mbps, Fine: 30 Mbps), Norm: 18 Mbps)|
|HD (AVI)||1280 x 720, 60p, 30p, 24p||All-I (102 Mbps) |
IPB (SF: 26 Mbps, F: 14 Mbps), N: 10 Mbps)
Note: When shooting in PAL format, you can choose between 50p and 25p.
Dual Media Slots: The camera is equipped with dual slots for SD, SDHC, and SDXC memory cards, as well as Eye-Fi cards. When recording movies, an SD card with a speed class of 10 or higher is required. For 4K, C4K, or when using All-I compression, you should use a UHS-II card or a UHS-I card with a UHS speed class of 3 or better. Card Slot 1 is compatible with UHS-1 and UHS-II cards, while Slot 2 is compatible with UHS-I only. A UHS-II card inserted in Slot 2 will operate as a UHS-I card. When there are cards in both slots, you can copy an image from one card to another, and you can choose which card to save images to: Slot 1, Slot 2, or both.
Built-in Wi-Fi: The EM-1 Mark II has built-in Wi-Fi functionality for controlling the camera wirelessly using your smartphone, uploading your photos wirelessly to your smartphone or to your computer, and acquire location information for your photos when wirelessly connected to a smartphone with a GPS function. The Olympus Image Share, or OI.Share, application must first be installed on your smartphone. The app is compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch, and requires iOS 8.0 or later. It is also compatible with Android smartphone and tablets running Android 4.0 and up. You can connect quickly and easily using the QR code on the app.
5-Axis Image Stabilization: The EM-1 Mark II features the 5-axis in-body Image Stabilization System to automatically compensate for camera shake in low-light situations or when using a telephoto lens. In addition to vertical and horizontal camera shake, the EM-1 Mark II's IS System also compensates for rotational movement--pitch, yaw, and roll. The Advanced 5-Axis Image Stabilization System provides the equivalent of 5.5 shutter speed steps of compensation. When paired with a M.Zuiko PRO lens with in-lens stabilization, the IS system provides up to 6.5 shutter speed steps of compensation. You can choose from the following IS modes:
|Still Picture||Off||S-IS Off||Image Stabilizer is off|
|S-IS1||Auto||Image Stabilizer is on|
|S-IS2||Vertical IS||Image stabilization applies only to vertical camera shake. Use when panning horizontally.|
|S-IS3||Horizontal IS||Image stabilization applies only to horizontal camera shake. Use when panning horizontally when camera is held in portrait orientation.|
|S-IS Auto||Landscape Panning IS||The camera detects the panning direction and applies the appropriate image stabilization.|
|Movie||Off||M-IS Off||Image Stabilizer is off.|
|On||Movie-IS 1||The camera uses both sensor shift (VCM) and electronic correction.|
|Movie-IS 2||The camera uses only sensor shift (VCM) correction only. Electronic correction is not used.|
Shooting Modes: Using the top-mounted Mode Dial, you can select from the following Shooting Modes:
- iAuto: iAuto is a fully automatic mode in which the camera optimizes settings for the current scene. The Live Guide lets you make creative adjustments, and view them on the monitor before you take the shot.
- Art Filter: You can select from the following Art Filters: Pop Art, Soft Focus, Pale & Light Color, Light Tone, Grainy Film, Pin Hole, Diorama, Cross Process, Gentle Sepia, Dramatic Tone, Key Line, Watercolor, Vintage, Partial Color, and Art Bracketing. Some Art Filters have several variations of the original.
- Program Shooting: Aperture and shutter speed are automatically adjusted for optimal results.
- Aperture Priority: You set the aperture manually, and the camera sets the shutter speed automatically. The aperture range is dependent upon the attached lens.
- Shutter Priority: You set the shutter speed manually between 1/8000 to 60 seconds, Time, or Bulb, and the camera sets the aperture automatically.
- Manual: You set the shutter speed and aperture manually.
- Custom Modes (C1, C2, C3): You can save setting to each of three Custom Modes for instant recall.
- Movie Shooting Modes: Lets you shoot movies using optional Movie Effects: Art Fade, Old Film, Multi Echo, One Shot Echo, and Movie Tele-converter.
Picture Modes (Processing Options): The camera lets you select image tones to create unique image effects. For each picture mode, you can fine-adjust the image parameters, such as contrast and sharpness. The Picture Modes include:
- iEnhance: produces more impressive-looking pictures matched to the scene mode
- Vivid: produces vivid colors
- Natural: produces natural colors
- Muted: produces flat tones
- Portrait: produces beautiful skin tones
- Monotone: produces black and white tones
- Custom: lets you select one of the above modes, set the parameters, and register the setting.
- e-Portrait: produces smooth skin textures
- Underwater: produces vivid color finish, perfect for underwater photos
- Color Creator: produces colors set using color creator
- Art Filter: lets you choose an art filter (same as above in shooting modes)
Focus Modes: The EM-1 Mark II features the Frequency Acceleration Sensor Technology (F.A.S.T.) AF System. You can select Single-AF (focuses when shutter button is pressed halfway), Continuous-AF (always focusing), or Manual (turning the focus ring on the lens). You can also fine-adjust the focus manually by turning the focus ring after AF is performed in the S-AF mode. If you have a moving subject, you can use the AF Tracking feature. In this mode, the camera will track and maintain focus on the subject while the shutter button is held halfway.
Auto-Focus Target: The camera has a 121-point Hybrid Auto-Focus system with 11 rows and 11 columns of AF targets. In the All-Target AF mode, the camera automatically chooses all 121 AF targets. In the Single-Target AF mode, you can manually select one AF target for accurately focusing on the subject after composing the shot. You can also select a 5-target group or 9-target group. The camera also features Face Priority AF and Eye Priority AF modes for sharp focus on human subjects.
ISO Settings: The sensitivity can be set automatically or manually. You can set the default and upper limits for Auto ISO. The manual ISO sensitivity ranges from ISO 200 to 25600, with selectable ISO steps of 1 EV or 1/3 EV. You can also set the sensitivity below ISO 200 by selecting the "LOW" option (equivalent to approximately ISO 64).
White Balance: Color reproduction depends upon light conditions. You can choose from the following options for setting the white balance:
- Auto: For General Use, used for most light conditions
- Preset: You can choose from the following presets (with
equivalent color temperature):
- Sunny (5300K): for shooting outdoors on a clear day, for sunset/sunrise, or fireworks
- Shadows (7500K): for shooting outdoors in the shadows on a clear day
- Cloudy (6000K): for shooting outdoors on a cloudy day
- Tungsten (3000K): for shooting under a tungsten light
- Fluorescent (4000K): for shooting under fluorescent lighting
- Underwater: for underwater photography
- Flash (5500K): for flash shooting
- Custom: Color temperature set in the custom white balance menu (between 2000K and 14000K)
- One-Touch: Color temperature set by the one-touch WB method
Sequential Shooting: In addition to shooting single frames, the EM-1 Mark II can also shoot images continuously. When Sequential H is selected, photos are taken at approximately 15 frames per second for as long as the shutter button is pressed. Focus, exposure, and white balance are fixed at the first shot. Sequential L takes photos at about 10 fps while the shutter button is held down. Focus and exposure are fixed according to the options selected for AF mode and AEL/AFL.
Pro Capture: The Pro Capture sequential shooting mode lets you shoot with no lag between the time you press the shutter button all the way down and when the image is recorded. Pro Capture uses the silent electronic shutter to begin buffering a series of full resolution images when you press the shutter button halfway. When you press the shutter down fully, the image, plus the 14 previous frames are captured on the memory card. You can choose Pro Capture H (focus, exposure, white balance fixed at first shot) or Pro Capture L (focus, exposure fixed as selected for the AF mode).
Self-Timer: The Self-Timer lets you take pictures after a preset amount of time. You can choose from 2 seconds, 12 seconds, or Custom Self-timer, which lets you set the number of frames (1-10), number of seconds to first shot (1-30), and interval between shots (0.5, 1, 2, or 3 seconds).
Bulb/Time Photography: The EM-1 Mark II can take extra long exposures with bulb and time photography. When the camera is set to Bulb, the shutter remains open as long as the shutter button stays pressed. During time photography, the exposure begins when the shutter button is pressed and released, and ends when the shutter button is pressed again and released. With Live Time and Live Composite photography, you can watch the image build up on the monitor. To reduce camera blur, you should mount the camera on a tripod and use a remote cable (RM-CB2).
Flash Modes: The EM-1 Mark II comes with the external FL-LM3 flash, which attaches to the camera's hot shoe. You can select from several flash modes: Flash On (flashes regardless of light conditions), Red-eye reduction flash, Slow synchronization (1st curtain), Slow sync (1st curtain) with Red-eye reduction, Slow synchronization (2nd curtain), Manual and Flash off. During Manual Flash, you can set the intensity of the flash from full to 1/64 power in 19 steps.
Bracketing: To increase your chances of getting the perfect exposure in difficult shooting conditions, you can set the camera to take a number of photos at different exposure values for each frame. Frames are shot at optimum exposure, plus pictures adjusted in the opposite directions of exposure. You can perform bracketing in the following ways:
- AE Bracket: You can choose from 2, 3, 5, or 7 frames using automatic exposure. You can set the compensation value to 0.3 EV, 0.7 EV, or 1.0 EV.
- WB Bracket: Three frames are shot using different white balances; one at specified WB, one adjusted toward amber-blue color, and the other toward green-magenta. You can set the bracketing adjustments in 2, 4, or 6 steps.
- FL Bracket: Three frames are shot with different flash intensity. Compensation values can be set at 0.3 EV, 0.7 EV, or 1.0 EV.
- ISO Bracket: Three images are taken, each with different ISO sensitivity, with shutter speed and aperture fixed. Compensation values can be set at 0.3 EV, 0.7 EV, or 1.0 EV.
- Art Bracketing: Multiple images are taken, each with a different art filter setting. You can select which art filters to include in the bracketing shot.
- Focus Bracketing: Lets you take a series of shots at different focus positions. You can choose the number of shots, and the change in the focus distance.
- Focus Stacking: The focus position is automatically shifted to capture 8 shots which are then composited for a single JPEG image that is in focus all the way from the foreground to the background. This mode is excellent for Macro photos.
Metering Modes: There are 5 ways to measure the subject brightness:
- Digital ESP: Camera measures light levels and calculates the differences in 324 separate areas of the image.
- Center-Weighted Average: Camera provides the average metering between the subject and background lighting, placing more weight on the subject in the center.
- Spot: Camera meters a very small area (about 2% of the frame) around the center of the subject.
- Spot with Highlight Control: If overall background is bright, the camera shifts toward over-exposure so white areas don't turn gray.
- Spot with Shadow Control: If overall background is dark, the camera shifts toward under-exposure so black areas don't turn gray.
Multiple Exposure: The EM-1 Mark II lets you create multiple exposures in a single frame. When Auto Gain is selected, the brightness of each frame is set to 1/2 and the images are overlaid. When Overlay is selected, the images are overlaid with the original brightness of each frame. You can also overlay multiple exposures on a RAW image recorded on the memory card and store it as a separate image.
Digital Level: To ensure that your pictures are level perfect, the camera has a digital level gauge that can be viewed in the monitor and the electronic viewfinder. Both the vertical and horizontal level can be checked with the level gauge display.
Photo Playback: You can play back images one at a time, or in an index display of 4, 9, 25, or 100. You can also display images recorded on the memory card by date (calendar display). While in single image playback, the image can be magnified to 2x, 3x, 5x, 7x, 10x, or 14x for a closer look.
Playback On TV: The EM-1 Mark II allows you to play back your still images or movies on a TV. The camera has a Micro HDMI (Type D) output for connecting to an HDTV. Output resolution can be set to C4K, 4K, 1080p, 720p, and 480p/576p. No Micro HDMI-to-HDMI cable is included.
HDMI Control: When HDMI Control is set to "On", the camera can be operated by a TV remote control when it is connected to the TV via HDMI. The TV must support HDMI control. During single-frame playback, you can display or hide the information display and the index display.
PictBridge Printing Capability: Using the supplied USB cable, you can connect this camera directly to a PictBridge-compliant printer, regardless of brand.
Power Options: The EM-1 Mark II is powered by the supplied BLH-1 Lithium-Ion rechargeable battery (7.4 volts/1720mAh). The battery charges in approximately 2 hours in the supplied BCH-1 battery charger. The BLH-1 battery is good for approximately 440 shots or 90 minutes of movie shooting on a single charge.
Optional Power Battery Holder: The optional HLD-9 is a combination battery holder and grip designed for use with the EM-1 Mark II. The HLD-7 can hold an additional BLH-1 battery to double the shooting capacity of the camera.
Olympus Viewer 3 Software: The EM-1 Mark II does not come with software in the box. You can download Olympus Viewer 3 software at no charge from the Olympus website (URL provided in the included manual). The software helps you import images and videos taken by the camera, and lets you view, edit, and manage your photos. The Viewer 3 software is compatible with the following operating systems:
- Windows 10
- Windows 8/8.1
- Windows 7 (SP1)
- Windows Vista (SP2)
- Mac OS X v10.8 - 10.11 / macOS v10.12
USB Mass Storage Class: The camera supports USB Mass Storage Class, allowing you to transfer images to a computer with the provided USB cable. The following operating systems are compatible with the USB connection:
- Windows 10
- Windows 8/8.1
- Windows 7 (SP1)
- Windows Vista (SP2)
- Mac OS X v10.8 - 10.11
Q Crutchfield asked: Why did you buy this?