Edit and Playback Functions
Overview: The TASCAM DR-40 is a hand-held portable
stereo digital recorder that is designed for musicians. You can make high quality
using the LPCM format, or a large number of recordings in MP3. The
recorder includes a slot for an SD/SDHC card (up to 32 GB), and includes a 2 GB SD memory card
for hours of recording time. It has two microphones with adjustable angles, two Mic/Ext
inputs, a mono speaker, and a line/headphone output. The DR-40 operates on three AA batteries (included).
The unit weighs 7.51 ounces (not including batteries).
LCD Display: The DR-40 features a 2" (diagonal), backlit,
monochrome LCD (128 x 64 pixels) which indicates recording and playback
information. The recorder will display the elapsed or remaining recording time
in hours, minutes, and seconds.
Date and Time: The recorder features a built-in clock. If
you have set the time and date, information as to when a sound file was recorded
is stored automatically with that file.
Microphones: The unit features two high quality
condenser microphones mounted on the top of the recorder. The angles of the
microphones can be adjusted to suit the recording situation. You can choose
Clear Stereo Sound by angling the microphones in a closed position (X-Y
position), or choose Wide Stereo Sound by angling the mics in an open position
Mic/Ext Inputs: Located on the bottom of the unit are two inputs for connecting external mics or an external device.
These balanced inputs have locking XLR/TRS combo jacks, which can accept 3-pin
XLR or standard 1/4" plugs. The
built-in microphones, and the settings of left/right channels are disabled if an
external microphone is connected. If the external microphone requires plug-in
power, the DR-40 can be set to provide +24V or +48V of phantom power.
Low Cut Filter: The device features a low-cut filter that
can be engaged to reduce noise, such as wind noise, during recording. The
cut-off frequency can be set to 40 Hz, 80 Hz, or 120 Hz.
SD Card Slot: The DR-40 Digital Recorder features a
slot for inserting an SD card. The recorder is compatible with SD cards
from 64 MB to 2 GB, or SDHC cards from 4 GB to 32 GB in size. A 2 GB memory card is
included. The maximum recording time using a 2 GB SD card is as follows:
|File Format ||Recording Setting ||Capacity |
|16-bit ||44.1kHz |
|24-bit ||44.1kHz |
|44.1 kHz/48kHz ||32 kbps |
Formatting Memory Cards: Memory cards can be formatted in
the unit to prepare them for use. You can choose a quick format, which erases
all music files on the card and automatically creates new Music and Utility
folders, as well as the DR-1.sys file that is necessary to use the card with the
unit. Full formatting checks the memory for errors while formatting, and takes
longer to complete than quick formatting.
USB: The DR-40 has a Mini-B 2.0 (High speed) USB port on the side for
connecting the recorder to your computer for transferring files or for providing
USB bus power. A short USB
cable is provided with the unit. With the optional TASCAM PS-P515U AC adapter
(which plugs into the USB port), you can operate the unit on ordinary household
current. The DR-40 is compatible with the following
Operating Systems: Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7,
Windows 8, and Mac OS X 10.2-10.8.
Headphone/Line Out Jack: The DR-40 has a 3.5mm stereo jack for plugging in a
pair of headphones, or for connecting to an external device or a powered monitor. You can listen to files played back or monitor the recording
as it is made.
Battery Power: The recorder is powered by three "AA"
batteries. You can use either alkaline (included) or Nickel-Metal Hydride (Ni-MH)
rechargeable batteries. Battery life varies according to the recording format as follows:
|Recording ||WAV ||Alkaline: 8.5-20.5 hours |
Ni-MH: 8-17 hours
|MP3 ||Alkaline: 9.5-18 hours |
Ni-MH: 8.5-15 hours
|Playback ||WAV ||Alkaline: 15.5-21.5 hours |
Ni-MH: 13-17.5 hours
|MP3 ||Alkaline: 16.5-17.5 hours |
Ni-MH: 14.5-15 hours
Remote Jack: The recorder has a 2.5mm sub-minijack on the
bottom (between the external mic jacks) for connecting a remote. The optional
Tascam RC-3F footswitch remote or Tascam RC-10 wired remote can be used to
operate the unit. The 3-pedal RC-3F footswitch offers assignable functions for
the left, center, and right pedal. The RC-10 has 4 function buttons, as well as
six control buttons (stop, play, rewind, fast forward, record, mark).
Tripod Socket: The DR-40 is equipped with a standard 1/4"
tripod socket on the back so you can mount the recorder onto a tripod, if
Recording Format: The DR-40 records audio files in WAV
and MP3 formats. The unit is compatible with the BWF (Broadcast Wave Format) for
WAV files. You can choose from the following recording options:
- WAV/BWF: 44.1/48/96 kHz, 16/24-bit
- MP3: 44.1/48 kHz, 32/64/96/128/192/256/320 kbps
Recording Modes: The recorder has five recording modes to
- Mono: recordings are made in one channel
- Stereo: recordings are made of two independent left and right
- Dual: recordings are made using one input source (mono or stereo
pair) to create two files with different input settings. This mode captures
a safety track at a lower level to avoid distortion. Either two mono or two
stereo recording files are created.
- 4CH: recordings are made using both the built-in mics and the
external inputs to record two pairs of inputs as two files. Two stereo
recording files are created.
- Overdub: This recording mode adds new sounds to the playback
file. You can choose Mix Overdub, in which the playback sound and input
sound are mixed to create a new file, or Separate Overdub to create a new
recording file with only the input sound.
Maximum File Sizes: You can set the maximum file size in the
Menu. The choices include: 64 MB, 128 MB, 256 MB, 512 MB, 1 GB, or 2 GB. If the
maximum set file size is exceeded during recording, the unit will automatically
continue recording in a new file. It cannot exceed a recording time of 24 hours.
Recording Levels: After selecting the input (built-in or external),
you can adjust the input levels to prevent recorded sounds from being distorted
due to excessively high input signals, or from being inaudible due to
excessively low input signals, compared to noise. There are three level
- Peak Reduction: The input volume is reduced
automatically to an appropriate level when excessively high signals come in.
- Automatic Level Control: The recording level is
controlled automatically to increase or decrease the input level when the
input signals are too small or too large. This mode is useful for recording
at meetings. Manual adjustments to the recording level cannot be made.
- Limiter: Engaging the limiter prevents distortion of
sounds when excessive high input signals come in suddenly. This mode is
suitable for live performances with large volume changes. You can adjust the
level manually during recording.
File Names: Each time a file is recorded, a file name is
assigned to the recording. The file name can be either a 6-character word or a
6-digit date (yymmdd format). You can set the word file name, while the date
file name is automatically set using the unit's internal clock.
Overdubbing: Overdubbing allows you to play an instrument or
sing as you play back a saved track and mix and record both sounds in a new
Marks: The DR-40 lets you place an electronic mark in a
recording to identify specific points in the recording. Mark information is
stored in the file with numbers between 01 and 99. Marks stored in a WAV file
are BWF-compliant, and can be added automatically or manually. During playback,
you can immediately move to marks in the currently selected file when paused.
Automatic Recording: When Automatic Recording (Auto Rec) is
enabled, the unit will start and pause recording, renew files, and set marks
automatically, depending upon the input signal level.
Pre-Recording: Pre-recording enables you to start recording
up to 2 seconds before you press the Record button. This enables you to avoid
missing the exact moment a recordable event begins.
Self Timer: Like a camera, the recorder's self timer lets
you start a recording after a set period of time. Self timers can be set to 5
seconds or 10 seconds.
Edit and Playback Functions
Browse Screen: The DR-40's Browse screen lets you view
the contents of the Music Folder containing the audio files on the SD card.
You can play or erase selected audio files, organize them into folders, and add
tracks to the playlist.
Divide: A recorded WAV file can be divided into two at a
specified position. This allows you to edit out unwanted portions of a track by
placing them in a separate track and deleting them.
File Swap: Files recorded in 4CH or Overdub Separate modes
can be swapped for other files. For example, in 4CH mode, a file recorded by the
built-in mics can be swapped with a file recorded by external mics or equipment.
Playback Control: The Playback Control screen allows you to
access some special playback control functions. You can playback a selected
section of a track repeatedly (Loop Playback), or change the tempo of music
without changing the pitch in a range from 50% to 150% normal speed (Variable
Speed Audition, or VSA).
Playback Equalizer: You can choose from different sound
types to enhance the sound quality of a track by using the Playback Equalizer (PlayEQ).
The PlayEQ lets you make adjustments (+ or -) in the High (treble) Middle, and
Low (bass) frequency ranges.
Level Alignment: If the playback sound is very small, the
perceived overall level can be increased to enhance listenability.
Jump-Back Playback: During playback, you can press the play
button to move back a few seconds to hear a section of the track again. The
Jump-back Playback function is adjustable in the menu, allowing you to set the
jump-back time to 1-10 seconds (in increments of 1 second), as well as 20
seconds and 30 seconds.
Effects: The DR-40 has built-in effects that can be
applied to the input signal during recording and practice, or applied to the
output signal during playback. You can choose a preset effect type and the level
of the effect (0-20). The Effects Preset list includes:
- Hall 1: A bright reverb in a large hall-like space.
- Hall 2: A warm reverb in a large hall-like space.
- Room: A reverb in a small indoor space.
- Studio: A reverb in a studio-like space.
- Plate 1: A bright plate reverb.
- Plate 2: A warm plate reverb.
Tuner Function: You can use the DR-40 to precisely tune an
instrument. You can calibrate the tuner by adjusting the reference tone (A)
between 435 Hz and 445 Hz (in 1 Hz increments). The Tuner displays the mismatch
between the tone of the musical instrument you are tuning and the reference
tone. You can adjust the input level, if needed.
Note: The tuner can only be used with the built-in mics.
Mixer Function: The recorder has a mixer function that
allows you to set the level of effects, stereo balance, and volume level for
each channel. You can adjust the following values:
- Send: Adjusts the send level of the selected effect is used on
the signal (0 to 100)
- Pan/Balance: Adjusts left-right balance (Left 12 - Center - Right
- Level: Adjusts volume level (0 to 100)
- Ext Mic/Line In:
- Connector: 2 x XLR/TRS combo (locking Neutrik Combo
- Phantom Power: +24V or +48V available
- Mic or Mic + Phantom:
- Input Impedance: 2.2 kΩ
- Nominal Input Level: -19 dBV
- Maximum Input Level: -3 dBV
- Input Impedance: 10 kΩ or more
- Nominal Input Level: +4 dBu
- Maximum Input Level: +20 dBu
- Headphone/Line Out:
- Connector: 3.5mm stereo mini
- Output Impedance: 12Ω
- Nominal Output Level: -14 dBV (10 kΩ load)
- Maximum Output Level: +2 dBV (10 kΩ load)
- Maximum Output: 20 mW + 20 mW (when connected to
headphones, 32Ω load)
- Frequency Response:
- 20 - 20 kHz +1/-3 dB (44.1 kHz, EXT IN to LINE OUT)
- 20 - 22 kHz +1/-3 dB (48 kHz, EXT IN to LINE OUT)
- 20 - 40 kHz +1/-3 dB (96 kHz, EXT IN to LINE OUT)
- Total Harmonic Distortion: 0.05% or lower (EXT IN to
LINE OUT, Fs 44.1/48/96kHz)
- Signal-to-Noise Ratio: 92dB or higher (EXT IN to LINE
OUT, Fs 44.1/48/96kHz)