Intro to home theater speakers
How to build a well-matched surround sound system
Kramer launched his career with Crutchfield in 2007. He spent eight years as a product advisor, delighting in helping customers choose the best solutions for their systems. His passion for A/V gear and new technology led to a specialization in speakers and smart home equipment, which he covers for the Crutchfield website and Discovery Book catalog.
More from Kramer Crane
A well-matched surround sound system brings what you're watching to life all around you.
In a Nutshell
Building a new home theater system? Here are the speakers that you need:
- A center channel speaker that sits below or above your TV.
- A pair of front speakers. Bookshelf or floor-standing speakers are good options here.
- Two or more surround speakers. These go behind and/or beside your seating area. Bookshelf speakers are also commonly used as surrounds.
- One or two powered subwoofers.
Want to keep things simple? Consider a pre-matched surround sound speaker system. Each comes with a center channel, front left and right speakers, and one or two pairs of surround speakers.
Our friendly Advisors can help you build your new home theater. Give us a call today for free, personalized advice.
What makes the movie theater experience so exciting? Two things: a floor-to-ceiling screen that pulls you into another world. And wraparound sound that makes what you’re seeing feel real.
Well, it's three things if you count fresh popcorn.
Want your sound system to match the vivid picture of your high-def TV? Read on to learn more about choosing the right speakers for your home theater.
Matching speakers to your room
Compact speakers offer easy placement options
For multi-purpose rooms where the TV and sound system won’t always be the center of attention, think small. Compact speakers easily blend into your décor and leave plenty of room for other activities. Bookshelf, in-wall, and ceiling speakers are all good small-footprint options.
Bookshelf speakers offer clear, dynamic sound without taking up much space.
Get lifelike sound with tower speakers
Want big sound that feels like an actual theater? Anchor your surround sound system with floor-standing speakers. Their large acoustic chambers deliver powerful surround effects for movies and video games. Tower speakers are also ideal for jamming out to music.
Floor-standing speakers use multiple drivers to create room-filling sound for music and movies.
Map out where your speakers will go
Consider the layout and shape of your room. Where will the speakers look and sound good? Check our article on speaker placement for some tips.
Know your speakers
Understanding what each speaker does will help you choose the right speakers for your system.
Center channel speaker
The center channel delivers more than 50% of a movie’s soundtrack, including almost all of the dialogue. It keeps sound anchored to the on-screen action.
Consider the size of the other speakers. Compact bookshelves match well with a small center channel. Using tower speakers? Then go for a large center channel to match their robust output.
The center channel lives just above or below your television. It provides dialogue and important center stage sound effects.
Front left and right speakers
Your “front stage” speakers reproduce the movie’s musical score. They also handle the bulk of the special effects. Sound moves between the front speakers in sync with the action unfolding on the screen.
Match the size of your left and right speakers with your center channel for a balanced front sound stage.
Surround speakers go beside and/or behind your seats. They immerse you in the movie by producing ambient sounds like rain drops, or rustling leaves. Surrounds also work with your other speakers to deliver spectacular directional effects. Think of a locomotive rushing by, or a bullet zinging past.
- Your surrounds can go on speaker stands. Or you can mount them on your walls. Read our short article on surround sound formats to learn more about different surround options.
- Bipole/dipole surround speakers include drivers that fire in different directions. They create a diffuse sound field that enhances the wraparound effect.
- Building a Dolby Atmos or DTS:X system? Then you’ll need a pair or two of speakers for sound above your listening position. You can use either in-ceiling speakers, or upward-firing speakers. Read more about object-based surround formats here.
Bipolar speakers use opposite-firing drivers to create wraparound sound effects.
Movie soundtracks provide a dedicated channel of deep bass that plays through a powered subwoofer. The sub is what gives planes flying overhead and bombs exploding their window-rattling punch.
Choose a subwoofer that matches well with your room and your speakers. As a rule, the larger the driver, the deeper the bass. Have a large room? Go for a sub with a 12" or larger woofer. Smaller room? A compact sub will sound great.
Most pre-matched systems include a powered subwoofer. The few that don’t give you the freedom to choose a separate sub that best fits your décor or your taste for bass. For more detailed recommendations, check out our article on choosing home theater subwoofers.
A powered subwoofer delivers thrilling bass for movies, music, and video games.
Voice match if you can, but it’s not required
Each speaker brand or series has its own tonal qualities or “voice.” It’s best to use voice-matched speakers in a surround system, but it’s not a must.
Say you want to build a system around some speakers that you already own. Perhaps the matching center channel is too tall for your entertainment cabinet. Or maybe the matching surrounds aren’t available. No worries at all — it’s okay to mix speaker brands. Your system is still going to rock.
Everything you need to get started
We can help you choose
Have questions about choosing the right equipment for your surround system? Call, email, or chat with us today.
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I love helping others bring their passion of audio into their home!
Jane, Crutchfield Advisor