Overview: This Canon EOS 77D kit includes the
77D DSLR camera body only. It has a standard Canon EF mount, and is compatible
with Canon EF lenses, including EF-S lenses.
Viewfinder: The Canon EOS 77D uses an
eye-level SLR viewfinder with pentamirror with 0.82x magnification (w/50mm lens
at infinity) for approximately 95%
vertical and horizontal coverage. It has a -3.0 to +1.0 diopter adjustment so you can focus
the viewfinder to suit your eyesight (with or without eyeglasses). When using
the self-timer or remote control, when your eye does not cover the viewfinder
eyepiece, stray light may enter the eyepiece
and affect the exposure when the image is captured. To prevent this, you can use
the supplied eyepiece cover, attached to the neck strap, to cover the eyepiece.
3" Clear View II LCD Touch Screen Monitor: The EOS 77D features a
flip-out, Vari-angle Touch Panel 3" Clear View II LCD monitor that allows you to shoot at a variety of angles. It has a 3:2 aspect ratio and approximately 1,040,000
Live View composition and viewing recorded images. The screen has the same
capacitive touch technology as today's popular mobile devices, and delivers intuitive
touch panel operation. Two-finger gestures (multi-touch) can be used for zooming
or changing images, menu and quick control settings can be accessed, and focus
point and shutter release can be activated with the touch of a fingertip. The LCD monitor offers 100% viewing coverage and 7 brightness
levels to choose from.
Live View: The Live
View Function enables viewing your subjects directly on the camera's 3" LCD
monitor. The camera allows you to magnify any part of the scene 5x or 10x for
precise manual focusing. You can choose one of two grid overlay options for the LCD
screen to help you line up vertical and horizontal lines. The
can be controlled remotely via a computer through a USB connection, or
wirelessly with the optional
24.2 Megapixel CMOS Sensor:
Canon's large-area CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) sensor
captures images with exceptional clarity and tonal range, and offers
million total pixels and 24.2 million
effective pixels. This APS-C-sized sensor (22.3mm x 14.9mm) has the same 3:2 ratio
as film cameras, enabling an effective angle of view that is 1.6x the normal EF
Lens focal length.
DIGIC 7 Image Processor:
The 77D is equipped with Canon's DIGIC 7 Image Processor.
The DIGIC 7 works with the CMOS sensor to deliver images with great detail.
Improved light sensitivity allows you to shoot at higher resolution with less
noise in dark conditions. The camera can achieve higher ISO
sensitivity (up to ISO 25600), and can shoot continuously at up to 6 frames per
The camera records still images in JPEG
and RAW formats. You can choose from the following image
sizes: Large, Medium, Small 1, and Small 2. For each resolution
(except Small 2), you can set the compression to Fine or Normal. For
RAW images, you can record only at 6000 x 4000 resolution. You can set the camera to RAW + JPEG and record a RAW image and a Large
Fine JPEG image simultaneously.
Aspect Ratio: The camera's image sensor has an aspect ratio of
3:2. You can choose to record still images in 3:2, 4:3, 16:9, and 1:1 aspect
ratios. This gives you the option of selecting any of the following image sizes:
|Quality ||Aspect Ratio and Pixel Count |
|3:2 ||4:3 ||16:9 ||1:1 |
|Large/RAW ||6000 x 4000 |
|5328 x 4000 |
|6000 x 3368 |
|4000 x 4000 |
|Medium ||3984 x 2656 |
|3552 x 2664 |
|3984 x 2240 |
|2656 x 2656 |
|Small 1 ||2976 x 1884 |
|2656 x 1992 |
|2976 x 1680 |
|1984 x 1984 |
|Small 2 ||2400 x 1600 |
|2112 x 1600 |
|2400 x 1344 |
|1600 x 1600 |
RAW File Format: The
RAW file format records the image data as captured by the camera's CMOS sensor
without further processing and converts it to digital data and records it onto
the card as is. RAW images can be adjusted, then developed and produced into
JPEG images using the downloadable Digital Photo Professional software.
Recording Media: The EOS 77D records images on an SD,
SDHC, and SDXC memory cards, including UHS-I (Ultra High Speed)
memory cards. It is also compatible with some brands of Eye-Fi cards that
feature wireless transfer of images, although their performance is not
No recording media is supplied with
Self Cleaning Sensor: Dust that settles on the sensor surface of the
camera is removed using ultrasonic vibration. This Self Cleaning Sensor Unit
routine is automatically activated whenever the camera is powered on or off. (It
can also be manually activated.) In case visible dust still remains, you can delete
the effect of the dust particles from the image via the downloadable
Digital Photo Professional software.
The EOS 77D offers 12 different shooting modes arranged on the Mode Dial in the following zones:
- Program AE:
This is a general-purpose shooting mode, the camera automatically sets
the shutter speed and aperture value to suit the scene's brightness.
- Shutter-priority AE: In this mode, you set the shutter speed and the
camera automatically sets the aperture value to suit the brightness of
- Aperture-priority AE: In this mode, you set the desired aperture
value and the camera sets the shutter speed automatically to suit the
Exposure: You set both the shutter speed and aperture
value as desired.
- Basic Zone:
- Scene Intelligent
Auto: The camera analyses the scene, and automatically
selects the settings.
- Flash Off: Disables the
- Creative Auto: In this auto mode, you can still
set the brightness, flash mode, sharpness, image recording quality, and
picture style settings.
- Portrait: Blurs the background to make the human subject stand out.
- Landscape: For wide scenic views, night scenes, etc.
- Close-up: To take close-up shots of flowers, insects, etc.
- Sports: For fast-moving subjects when you want to freeze the action.
- Special Scene: Once you select the Special Scene
Mode, you can choose from the following modes:
- Group Photo: Use this mode to shoot a group of
people, assuring persons in the front and back rows are in focus.
- Kids: Continuous focusing allows you to photograph
children running around. Skin tones look healthy. Default drive mode is
- Food: When photographing food, the images will look
bright and vivid. You can change the color tone to warm or cool if
- Candlelight: The candlelight mode allows you to
photograph a human subject in candlelight. You can change the color tone
to warm or cool.
Portrait: For images of people at twilight or at
- Handheld Night Scene: Allows you to take handheld
photos at night by recording four photos that are combined into a single
- HDR Backlight Control: Useful for taking photos
with bright and dark areas. Three photos are taken and combined into a
single image with restored detail in dark and light areas.
- Creative Filters:
- Grainy B/W: Creates a grainy black-and-white photo
with adjustable contrast.
- Soft Focus: Gives the image a soft look. You can
change the degree of softness by adjusting the blur.
- Fish-eye Effect: Gives the effect of a fish-eye
lens with a barrel-type distortion.
- Water Painting Effect: Makes the photo look like a
watercolor painting with soft colors. The color density is adjustable.
- Toy Camera Effect: This effect makes the photo look
as if it was shot by a toy camera by darkening the photo's corners and
applying a unique color tone.
- Miniature Effect: Creates a diorama effect.
- HDR Art Standard: Clipped highlights and shadows
are reduced. The low contrast and flat gradation create a painting-like
effect with bright (or dark) edges on the subject outlines.
- HDR Art Vivid: Colors are more saturated than HDR
- HDR Art Bold: Colors are most saturated, making the
subject stand out. The picture looks like an oil painting.
- HDR Art Embossed: Color saturation, brightness,
contrast, and gradation are decreased to make the picture look flat.
Shooting Movies: The EOS 77D can record movies in High
Definition or Standard Definition at different frame rates. Movies are recorded
in MOV format with MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 compression, and Linear PCM audio, and MP4
with AAC audio. You can
record audio using the built-in stereo microphone, or with an
optional stereo microphone (such as the Canon
DM-E1) with a 3.5mm plug. When shooting movies, a
large-capacity SD card with a speed rating of Class 6 or 10 is recommended for
If recording in MOV format, a card with a UHS Speed Class 3 or faster should be
used. Slower cards may not record your movies properly. You can select from the
following recording sizes and frame rates:
- 1920 x 1080: Full HD recording quality with a 16:9 aspect ratio
for viewing on a widescreen HDTV; Available frame rates: 60 (59.94) fps 30
(29.97) fps, 24 (23.98) fps
- 1280 x 720: HD recording quality with a 16:9 aspect ratio for
viewing on a widescreen HDTV; Frame rate: 60 fps, 30 fps
- 640 x 480: Standard definition recording quality with a 4:3
aspect ratio; Frame rate: 30 fps
Movie Servo AF: When Movie Servo AF is enabled, you
can shoot a movie while focusing a moving subject continuously.
Video Snapshots: A video snapshot is a short movie clip
lasting 2, 4, or 8 seconds. You can combine a series of video snapshots into an
album, and save them as a single movie file. The compiled video is perfect for
sharing online or displaying on an HDTV via the HDMI port.
45-Point Auto-Focus System:
The EOS 77D features a
high-precision 45-point wide area auto-focus that uses cross-type points for
improved tracking of moving subjects. You can select one of four AF area
selection modes: Single-point AF (Manual Selection), Zone AF (Manual selection
of zone from 9 zones), Large Zone AF (Manual selection of zone from 3 large
zones), or 45-point automatic selection AF.
The camera employs one of 3 AF systems to let you seize every
photo opportunity with fast, accurate focus:
- One-Shot AF: suited for still
subjects, the camera focuses only once.
- AI Servo AF: for moving subjects when the focusing distance keeps
changing. The subject will be focused continuously while the shutter button
is pressed halfway.
- AI Focus AF: switches from
One-Shot AF to AI Servo AF automatically if the subject starts moving.
Manual Focusing: If you choose to focus manually, you will
need to set the focus mode switch on the lens from AF to MF, and turn the lens
focusing ring until the subject looks sharp in the viewfinder. You can magnify
the image 5x or 10x for better visibility when focusing.
ISO Speed: The Image Sensor's sensitivity to light, or
the ISO Speed, can be set to suit the ambient light level. In Basic Zone
modes, the ISO speed is set automatically. In other modes, you can set the
ISO automatically or manually from 100 to 25600, with expansion to 51200.
You can also set maximum ISO speeds of 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400, 12800, or
25600 for ISO Auto.
White Balance: You can choose
from the following white balance settings:
- Auto: the
camera sets the white balance automatically according to shooting conditions.
You can choose between Ambience Priority and White Priority
- Daylight: for recording outdoors on a bright day
- Shade: counters strong blue tones in open shade on sunny
- Cloudy: for cloudy days, dusk and dawn
- Tungsten Light:
for incandescent illumination
- White Fluorescent
Light: eliminates typical green color casts
- Flash Use:
a starting point for studio strobes and Canon Speedlites
- Custom: enables you to manually set the white balance for a
specific light source for better accuracy. By selecting this image, you
import the white balance data for the setting
Correction: You can
correct the standard color temperature for the white balance setting. It has
the same effect as using a color temperature conversion filter or a color
compensating filter. Each color can be corrected to one of nine levels.
Color Space: The color space refers to the range of reproducible colors. With this camera,
you can set the color space for captured images to sRGB or Adobe RGB. For normal
images, sRGB is recommended. In the Basic Zone modes, sRGB will be set
Shoot by Ambience: Except in the Scene Intelligent Auto and
Flash Off Basic Zone modes, you can select the ambience for shooting. You can
choose from Vivid, Soft, Warm, Intense, and Cool, each at Low, Standard, or
Strong effects. You can also choose Brighter or Darker, with Low, Medium, and
High settings, and a Monochrome setting, with
Blue, B/W, or Sepia effects.
Style: By selecting a picture style you
can achieve various effects matching your photographic expression or the subject.
Picture Style setting is not available in Basic Zone modes, except Creative
Auto. Picture Style selections include: Auto, Standard, Portrait, Landscape,
Fine Detail, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome, and User Defined 1-3.
Exposure Compensation: Exposure compensation is used
to alter the camera's standard exposure setting. You can make the image look
lighter (increased exposure) or darker (decreased exposure). The exposure
compensation amount can be set up to +/-5 stops in 1/3-stop increments, although
the indicator in the viewfinder can only display the setting up to +/-2 stops.
Bracketing: With auto exposure
bracketing (AEB), the camera automatically changes the exposure level up to +/-2
stops in 1/3-stop increments for three successive shots. When in Single Shooting
mode, the camera will change the exposure level on three single shots (requiring
three presses of the shutter release). In Continuous Shooting mode, or when
shooting with the self-timer or optional remote controller, you can take
three shots with one press of the shutter release, and the exposure levels will
change with each shot taken.
AE Lock: AE lock enables you to lock the exposure at a different place from the point of
focus. After locking the exposure, you can recompose the shot while maintaining
the desired exposure level. This feature is useful for backlit and spotlighted
Bulb Exposures: When bulb is set, the shutter is open during the time you keep pressing the
shutter button fully. Bulb is useful when a long exposure is necessary for
capturing night scenes, fireworks, the night sky, etc. The optional
remote switch is also recommended for bulb exposures. It connects to the
camera's 2.5mm sub-mini remote jack.
Flash: The camera's built-in retractable, auto pop-up flash
with E-TTL II autoflash metering. The flash takes approximately 3 seconds to
recycle for the next flash. The viewfinder has an icon to let you know the flash
is ready. You can set the exposure compensation for the flash to +/- 2 stops in 1/3-stop
increments. The flash range varies with the ISO speed. Other flash functions
- AF-Assist: Under
low-light conditions, the built-in flash fires a brief burst of flashes when you
press the shutter button halfway. This is to illuminate the subject to enable
easier auto-focusing. It is effective up to approximately 13.1 feet away.
- FE Lock: FE (flash
exposure) lock obtains and locks the correct flash exposure reading for any part
of a subject.
- Red-Eye Reduction: Using the
camera's Red-Eye reduction lamp before taking a flash picture will reduce the
common phenomenon of red-eye effect.
External Flash: In addition to the built-in flash, the EOS
77D has a hot shoe for adding optional external flash units. The camera is
compatible with Canon's entire line of EX-series Speedlites,
plus Macro Lites for close-ups. Canon EX-series
Speedlites offer professional-quality illumination for virtually any subject.
The built-in flash can work as a Master unit with Canon Speedlites with the
wireless slave feature and trigger the Speedlite(s) to fire.
Optional GPS Receiver: The optional
GPS Receiver can be mounted to the camera's hot shoe. The receiver records
location information, such as longitude, latitude, elevation, direction, and
time data, and attach it to your photos.
Metering Modes: The 77D has 63-zone TTL open-aperture
metering, using 7,560-pixel RGB+IR metering sensor. You can select from the following metering modes:
- Evaluative Metering: The camera's standard metering mode
utilizes all AF points within the frame, and is suited for most subjects even under
backlit conditions. After detecting the main subject's position, brightness,
background, front and back lighting conditions, etc, the camera sets the proper exposure.
- Partial Metering: Effective when the background is much brighter than the subject
due to backlighting, etc; uses approximately 6%
of the frame at the center.
- Spot Metering: For metering a specific part
of the subject; uses approximately 2.6%
of the frame at the center.
- Center-weighted Average
Metering: Metering is weighted at the center and then averaged for
the entire scene.
Continuous Shooting Mode: In Continuous Shooting mode, you
can shoot up to about 6 full-resolution frames per second. The maximum number of shots in a
single burst will vary with the image quality setting:
|Image Quality Setting ||Maximum Burst |
|8 GB SDHC Card ||UHS-I Memory Card |
|JPEG (Large/Fine) ||190 ||Full |
|RAW ||21 ||27 |
|RAW + JPEG (Large/Fine) ||19 ||23 |
Self-Timer: The camera will
record an image following a preset time delay after pressing the shutter
release. The self-timer lamp and beeper will indicate a countdown before the
picture is taken. You can choose from the following self-timer modes:
- 10 Second: The camera takes a single image 10 seconds after
pressing the shutter release button. You can also use the optional
control in this mode.
- 2 Second: The camera takes a single image 2 seconds after
pressing the shutter release.
- 10 Second Continuous Shots: The camera begins taking a series of
images (2-10) ten seconds after the shutter release button is pressed.
Mirror Lockup: The Mirror Lockup feature helps prevent
camera vibration when using a super telephoto lens or shooting close-ups.
Auto Rotation: Vertical shots can be rotated
automatically so that they are displayed upright during playback.
Image Review: The image can be displayed on the LCD
monitor immediately after you shoot. The review time can
be set to off (not displayed), 2 seconds, 4 seconds, 8 seconds, or Hold, which keeps the image
displayed on the LCD monitor until the camera is focused again.
Slide Show: You can view all images on the
memory card one after another with the Auto Playback function (slide show). You
can set the time each image is displayed on
the LCD monitor to 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, or 20 seconds. You can also select which
images to display: all images, images by date, images by folder, movies only, stills only,
or by rating.
This feature allows you to view four (2 x 2), nine (3 x 3), 36 (6 x 6), or 100
(10 x 10) images at once on the LCD monitor so that
you can search for an image quickly.
When viewing a still picture in single image playback mode, you can magnify the
image from 1.5x to 10x. While the image is magnified, you can scroll anywhere
around the image.
Rotating Images: You can rotate an image by 90° or 270°
clockwise in the LCD monitor.
PictBridge Printing: Using the supplied USB
cable, you can connect this camera directly to a PictBridge compliant printer.
PictBridge is a standard that allows you to connect a PictBridge compliant
camera directly to a PictBridge compliant printer and make prints, regardless of
DPOF Print Settings: On the memory
card, you can select which
image or images you want to print and how many copies you want. This is
convenient for printing images all at once, on optional Canon direct print
function compliant printers, on PictBridge compliant printers, or at
participating photo labs.
HDMI Outputs: The camera is equipped with a mini-HDMI jack
(Type C) which allows you to connect the camera to an HDTV. The HDMI output terminal is CEC-compatible.
Digital Terminal: The Digital Terminal is a Mini-B 2.0 USB
connecting the camera to your computer via an optional USB cable (IFC-400PCU,
IFC-200U, or IFC-500U) for downloading the recorded images and movies.
Microphone: The camera has a 3.5mm minijack input for connecting an
Remote: A 2.5mm sub-minijack is provided for use with the optional
RS-60E3 Remote Switch. The wired remote switch has a 2' cord, and is recommended
for long exposures and bulb shooting.
Battery: The EOS 77D operates on the supplied
Lithium-Ion battery (7.2V, 1040 mAh, 7.5Wh). Battery performance decreases when used in
temperatures below 32° F. The battery can be charged in the supplied LC-E17
battery charger in approximately 2 hours. Typical battery life for the LP-E17 battery is as follows:
|Shooting Method ||Temperature ||Shooting Conditions |
|No Flash ||50% Flash |
|Viewfinder ||At 73° F ||820 shots ||600 shots |
|At 32° F ||770 shots ||550 shots |
|Live View ||At 73° F ||310 shots ||270 shots |
|At 32° F ||270 shots ||230 shots |
|Movie Shooting ||At 73° F ||1 hr 55 min ||N/A |
|At 32° F ||1 hr 50 min ||N/A |
Auto Power Off: To save battery
power, the camera turns off automatically after a period of non-operation. The
Auto Power Off time can be set to 30 seconds or 1, 2, 4, 8, or 15
Auto Power Off function will not activate in Auto Playback Mode.
Optional AC Power: With the optional AC-E6N AC
adapter and DR-E18 DC coupler, you can connect the camera to a household power outlet and not
worry about the battery becoming exhausted.
Wireless Functions: The EOS 77D offers Bluetooth,
Wi-Fi, and NFC wireless communications:
- Bluetooth: You can connect the camera to your
smartphone via Bluetooth to facilitate a Wi-Fi connection directly between
the smartphone and the camera. You can also use a Bluetooth connection to
pair the camera to the optional
BR-E1 Wireless Remote Control for remote shooting.
- Wi-Fi: When connected via Wi-Fi, you can
perform a range of tasks wirelessly:
- Connect to a Smartphone: Connecting to a smartphone lets you view images stored in the camera.
You can also operate the camera remotely from a smartphone or camera. The
Canon Camera Connect app, available from the App Store or Google Play, must be downloaded
to the phone.
- Transfer Images Between Cameras: You can transfer still images
and movies shot with this camera to other Canon cameras with built-in
Wi-Fi functions. The camera can be connected to only one camera at a
- Print Images to a Wi-Fi Printer: You can directly print images by
connecting the camera with a wireless LAN-compatible printer supporting
PictBridge (Wireless LAN). Up to 3 printers can be registered to the camera.
- Save Images to Connect Station: The optional CS100
Connect Station is a device that allows you to import captured still photos
and movies for viewing your TV, tablet, or smartphone, or sharing them over
a network. You can easily save still photos and movies to Connect Station by
holding the camera close to the Connect Station.
- Send Images to a Web Service: You can share images with
family and friends or share images using a range of Web services via the
Canon iMAGE Gateway, a free online photo service for Canon users.
- NFC Function: The 77D supports NFC (Near-Field
Communication) which enables you to connect the camera to a smartphone or
Connect Station by touching them together. While playing back images, you can
send images to the smartphone by touching an NFC-enabled smartphone to the
camera. NFC-enabled smartphones operate on the Android platform running OS
version 4.0 or later, and are labeled with the NFC "N-mark." The camera's
"N-mark" is located on the bottom of the camera body.
App Compatibility: The Canon Camera Connect app, required for
connecting the camera to a smartphone, is compatible with iOS version 8.0 or
later and Android devices version 4.1 or later.
Software: The following software is available for download
from the Canon website for use with the EOS 77D:
- Digital Photo Professional (Windows/Mac):
primarily used for browsing, selecting, and developing RAW images. It has
various image adjustment functions in the Picture Style format, and allows
you to make adjustments easily. Available for Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows 7,
Mac OS X 10.10, 10.11, macOS 10.12.
- EOS Utility (Windows/Mac): an application for making
camera settings, transferring images, and remote shooting. Available for
Windows 10 (desktop mode only), Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows 7, Mac OS X
10.10, 10.11, macOS 10.12.
- Picture Style Editor (Windows/Mac): allows
you to edit Picture Style to your unique image characteristics and save them
as original Picture Style files. Available for Windows 8.1, Windows 8,
Windows 7, Mac OS X 10.10, 10.11, macOS 10.12.
- Camera User Guides: The Basic Instruction Manual, Full
Instruction Manual and Wi-Fi Function Instruction Manual are
available for download.